Michael Keeney

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The increased use of Peripheral Blood Stem Cells (PBSC) to reconstitute hematopoiesis in autotransplant and, more recently, allotransplant settings has not been associated with a consensus means to quality control the PBSC product. Since the small population of cells that bear the CD34 antigen are thought to be responsible for multilineage engraftment,(More)
In concert with the International Society of Hematotherapy and Graft Engineering (ISHAGE), we previously described a set of guidelines for detection of CD34+ cells based on a four-parameter flow cytometry method (CD45 FITC/CD34 PE staining, side and forward angle light scatter). With this procedure, an absolute CD34+ count is generated by incorporating the(More)
Breast cancer often spreads from the primary tumor to regional lymph nodes. Lymph node status provides clinically important information for making treatment decisions. Spread via lymphatics is also important for the biology of breast cancer, as tumor cells in lymph nodes may provide a reservoir of cells leading to distant, lethal metastases. Improved(More)
Recent evidence indicates that human hematopoietic stem cell properties can be found among cells lacking CD34 and lineage commitment markers (CD34(-)Lin(-)). A major barrier in the further characterization of human CD34(-) stem cells is the inability to detect this population using in vitro assays because these cells only demonstrate hematopoietic activity(More)
BACKGROUND Flow cytometric enumeration of CD34+ hematopoietic sterm and progenitor cells (HPC) is the reference point for undertaking apheresis and evaluation of adequacy for PBSC engraftment. An external quality assurance (EQA) scheme for CD34+ HPC enumeration has been operational in Belgium, Netherlands and Luxemburg (Benelux) since 1995. Within this(More)
Solid cancers are a leading cause of death worldwide, primarily due to the failure of effective clinical detection and treatment of metastatic disease in distant sites. There is growing evidence that the presence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the blood of cancer patients may be an important indicator of the potential for metastatic disease and poor(More)
BACKGROUND PNH is an acquired hematopoietic stem cell disorder leading to a partial or absolute deficiency of all glycophosphatidyl-inositol (GPI)-linked proteins. The classical approach to diagnosis of PNH by cytometry involves the loss of at least two GPI-linked antigens on RBCs and neutrophils. While flow assays are more sensitive and specific than(More)
Reduced CD34+ cell viability due to cryopreservation has unknown effects on subsequent hematopoietic engraftment in autologous transplantation. Thirty-six consecutive autologous peripheral stem cell collections were analyzed for absolute viable CD34+ cell numbers at the time of stem cell collection and prior to re-infusion. Viable CD34+ cells were(More)
In the late 1950s, Thomas et al. (1) successfully transplanted bone marrow cells into supralethally irradiated recipients, and until the 1990s, the majority of autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell transplants were performed utilizing bone marrow as a source of stem cells. In the mid-1980s, reports demonstrated the feasibility of(More)
BACKGROUND Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a life-threatening disorder caused by an inability to make glyco-phosphatidyl-inositol (GPI) anchors. While flow cytometry is the method of choice to detect the loss of GPI-linked proteins, the development and validation of sensitive, standardized, methodologies have been hampered by the rarity of this(More)