Michael Kaufmann

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SUMMARY Searches for variable motifs such as protein-binding sites or promoter regions are more complex than the search for casual motifs. For example, in amino acid sequences comparing motifs alone mostly proves to be insufficient to detect regions that represent proteins with a special function, because the function depends on biochemical properties of(More)
SUMMARY EPPS runs under Microsoft Windows. It is an extended version of the phylogenetic patterns search (PPS). The output condition of PPS is the exact match of a user defined phylogenetic pattern with the pattern represented by the respective cluster of orthologous groups (COG). In contrast, the software described here is less restrictive. The user may(More)
BACKGROUND To identify thermophile-specific proteins, we performed phylogenetic patterns searches of 66 completely sequenced microbial genomes. This analysis revealed a cluster of orthologous groups (COG1618) which contains a protein from every thermophile and no sequence from 52 out of 53 mesophilic genomes. Thus, COG1618 proteins belong to the group of(More)
BACKGROUND The current versions of the COG and arCOG databases, both excellent frameworks for studies in comparative and functional genomics, do not contain the nucleotide sequences corresponding to their protein or protein domain entries. RESULTS Using sequence information obtained from GenBank flat files covering the completely sequenced genomes of the(More)
A key problem in understanding the origin of life is to explain the mechanism(s) that led to the spontaneous assembly of molecular building blocks that ultimately resulted in the appearance of macromolecular structures as they are known in modern biochemistry today. An indispensable thermodynamic prerequisite for such a primordial anabolism is the(More)
BACKGROUND The rapidly increasing number of completely sequenced genomes led to the establishment of the COG-database which, based on sequence homologies, assigns similar proteins from different organisms to clusters of orthologous groups (COGs). There are several bioinformatic studies that made use of this database to determine (hyper)thermophile-specific(More)
The COG database is the most popular collection of orthologous proteins from many different completely sequenced microbial genomes. Per definition, a cluster of orthologous groups (COG) within this database exclusively contains proteins that most likely achieve the same cellular function. Recently, the COG database was extended by assigning to every protein(More)
BACKGROUND The human cancer-related nucleoside triphosphatase (HCR-NTPase) is overexpressed in several tumour tissues including neuroblastoma. HCR-NTPase is an enzyme exhibiting a slow in vitro activity in hydrolysing nucleosidetriphosphates. However, its in vivo function is still unknown. To learn more about the physiological role of HCR-NTPase, we both(More)
BACKGROUND aaTHEP1, the gene product of aq_1292 from Aquifex aeolicus, shows sequence homology to proteins from most thermophiles, hyperthermophiles, and higher organisms such as man, mouse, and fly. In contrast, there are almost no homologous proteins in mesophilic unicellular microorganisms. aaTHEP1 is a thermophilic enzyme exhibiting both ATPase and(More)
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