Michael Karl Melzer

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Here, we characterize a plastidial thioredoxin (TRX) isoform from Arabidopsis thaliana that defines a previously unknown branch of plastidial TRXs lying between x- and y-type TRXs and thus was named TRX z. An Arabidopsis knockout mutant of TRX z had a severe albino phenotype and was inhibited in chloroplast development. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR(More)
Many metabolic reactions in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) require high levels of energy in the form of ATP, which is important for cell viability. Here, we report on an adenine nucleotide transporter residing in the ER membranes of Arabidopsis thaliana (ER-ANT1). Functional integration of ER-ANT1 in the cytoplasmic membrane of intact Escherichia coli cells(More)
A special form of a CuZn-superoxide dismutase with a high isoelectric point (hipI-SOD; EC 1.15.1.1) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production were studied during the secondary cell wall formation of the inducible tracheary element cell-culture system of Zinnia elegans L. Confocal microscopy after labelling with 2',7'-dichlorofluorescin diacetate showed H2O2(More)
Abstract To test whether carbohydrates may play a signalling function during plant pathogenesis, we investigated the interaction between tobacco and potato virus Y (PVY(N)). Four days after PVY(N) infection, leaves started to accumulate soluble sugars and leaf photosynthesis decreased. The accumulation of soluble sugars was accompanied by an induction of(More)
The effect of hypoxia on root development and carbon metabolism was studied using potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plants as a model system. Hypoxia led to a cessation of root elongation, and finally to the death of meristematic cells. These changes were accompanied by a 4- to 5-fold accumulation of hexoses, suggesting that insufficient carbohydrate supply was(More)
Plants, in contrast to other eukaryotes, possess not only homologs of subunit A (AtSPO11-1, 2, 3) but also of subunit B (AtTOP6B) of the archaebacterial topoisomerase VI. AtTOP6B and AtSPO11-3 are strongly expressed in somatic tissue of Arabidopsis and are able to interact with each other in vitro. A T-DNA insertion in AtTOP6B results in deficient cell(More)
Heterosis-associated cellular and molecular processes were analyzed in seeds and seedlings of Arabidopsis thaliana accessions Col-0 and C24 and their heterotic hybrids. Microscopic examination revealed no advantages in terms of hybrid mature embryo organ sizes or cell numbers. Increased cotyledon sizes were detectable 4 days after sowing. Growth heterosis(More)
Guard cell chloroplasts are unable to perform significant photosynthetic CO2 fixation via Rubisco. Therefore, guard cells depend on carbon supply from adjacent cells even during the light period. Due to their reversible turgor changes, this import cannot be mediated by plasmodesmata. Nevertheless, guard cells of several plants were shown to use(More)
The cDNA corresponding to the open reading frame T17M13.3 from Arabidopsis chromosome II was isolated and the encoded protein was characterized as a member of a subgroup of higher plant sucrose transporters. The AtSUC3 (Arabidopsis thaliana sucrose transporter 3) open reading frame encodes a protein with 594 amino acid residues, being 81 and 82 residues(More)
Glutathione peroxidases (GPXs; EC 1.11.1.9) are key enzymes of the antioxidant network in plants and animals. In order to investigate the role of antioxidant systems in plant chloroplasts, we generated Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) transgenic lines that are depleted specifically in chloroplastic (cp) forms of GPX1 and GPX7. We show that reduced cpGPX(More)