Michael Karenfort

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BACKGROUND Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies have been recently described in children with acute disseminating encephalomyelitis (ADEM), but the clinical and neuroradiological characterisation of this subgroup is lacking. OBJECTIVE To compare the clinical and neuroradiological features of paediatric ADEM with and without MOG antibodies.(More)
Biotin-responsive basal ganglia disease (BBGD) is an autosomal recessive disorder, which is caused by mutations in the SLC19A3 gene. BBGD typically causes (sub)acute episodes with encephalopathy and subsequent neurological deterioration. If untreated, the clinical course may be fatal. Our report on a 6-year-old child with BBGD highlights that the disease is(More)
We retrospectively evaluated predictors of conversion to multiple sclerosis (MS) in 357 children with isolated optic neuritis (ON) as a first demyelinating event who had a median follow-up of 4.0 years. Multiple Cox proportional-hazards regressions revealed abnormal cranial magnet resonance imaging (cMRI; hazard ratio [HR] = 5.94, 95% confidence interval(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the humoral immune response directed at myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)in pediatric patients with isolated and recurrent optic neuritis(ON). DESIGN Observational prospective case series. SETTING Six pediatric hospitals in Germany and Austria. PATIENTS Thirty-seven patients 18 years or younger with single or recurrent(More)
BACKGROUND Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibodies have been described in children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM), recurrent optic neuritis, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders and more recently in children with multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis (MDEM). OBJECTIVE To delineate the clinical, cerebrospinal fluid(More)
BACKGROUND Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an acute, inflammatory-demyelinating disorder of the CNS with a favourable outcome in the majority of cases. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to examine the long-term outcome of children with an initially severe form of ADEM. METHODS Children with ADEM according to the criteria of the(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is frequently associated with focal epilepsy due to cerebral tubers. Seizures are the first symptoms in most patients with brain involvement. These epilepsies are frequently severe, drug-resistant and may have a negative impact on the child's global development. Although most epilepsies are multicentric, these patients may(More)
BACKGROUND Some pediatric patients with inflammatory demyelinating central nervous system disorders cannot be classified under any of the established disease entities, making their treatment and prognosis difficult. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to characterize a subgroup of pediatric patients with recurrent demyelinating central nervous system(More)
IMPORTANCE Given the high frequency of failure of first-line therapies, there is an urgent need for second-line treatment strategies for pediatric patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE To report the use of natalizumab in pediatric MS. Natalizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting α4 integrin, is effective against active(More)
We report on a 16-year-old body builder who suffered from an acute ischemic stroke. In the urine, cannabis metabolites as well as metabolites of the oral androgenic-anabolic steroid methandrostenolone were detected, both known to be associated with stroke events. This report highlights the role of cannabis and steroid abuse that induce strokes in the(More)