Michael K Shaffer

Learn More
The two-dimensional (2D) temperature profiles of an active-gain medium in a Cs + methane diode pumped alkali laser (DPAL) have been experimentally measured. This nonperturbative technique uses a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, which is longitudinally coupled into the cavity of an operating alkali laser to probe the distortion of the optical path length in the(More)
This paper presents the results of our experiments on the development of an efficient hydrocarbon free diode pumped alkali laser based on potassium vapor buffered by He gas at 600 Torr. A slope efficiency of more than 50% was demonstrated with a total optical conversion efficiency of 30%. This result was achieved by using a narrowband diode laser stack as(More)
We have calculated photoionization rates in alkali lasers. The photoionization of alkali atoms in the gain medium of alkali lasers can significantly degrade the laser performance by reducing the neutral alkali density and with it the gain. For a ten atmosphere Rb laser and a Cs exciplex laser, the photoionization induced alkali atom loss rates are greater(More)
We examined the performance of a potassium diode pumped alkali laser (K DPAL) using He, Ar, CH4, C2H6 and a mixture of He and CH4 as a buffer gas to provide spin-orbit mixing of the 4P3/2 and 4P1/2 states of Potassium atoms. We found that pure helium cannot be used as an efficient buffer gas for continuous wave lasing without using a flowing system with a(More)
A variety of cultural phenomena have recently converged to create a demand for specialized adult education programs. One approach that can provide insights in adjusting traditional educational strategies is triangulation, a procedure that can help delineate both content and teaching approaches by assembling the perceptions of administrators, adult learners,(More)