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OBJECTIVE Our aim was to identify predictors of colorectal cancer screening in the United States and subgroups with particularly low rates of screening. METHODS The responses to a telephone-administered questionnaire of a nationally representative sample of 61,068 persons aged >/=50 yr were analyzed. Current screening was defined as either(More)
No prospective data have documented the physical and psychosocial functioning of patients before and after BMT. In this study 67 allogeneic transplant patients completed standardized self-report measures pre-transplant. Survivors were re-assessed at 90 days (n = 34) and 1 year (n = 31) post-transplant. Telephone interviews established 4-year work history(More)
Oral complications can be serious and disabling problems for patients undergoing cancer therapy. Therefore, the authors wanted to develop a sensitive and specific instrument to measure oral mucosal changes during therapy. The Oral Mucosa Rating Scale (OMRS) has an examination rating scale to quantify the type and severity of clinically evident oral mucosal(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the association between type of health insurance coverage and the quality of care provided to individuals with diabetes in the United States. DATA SOURCE The 2000 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. STUDY DESIGN Our study cohort included individuals who reported a diagnosis of diabetes (n=11,647). We performed bivariate and(More)
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the long-term status of teeth that had undergone root resorption during active orthodontic treatment. A total of 100 patients who exhibited root resorption during appliance therapy were recalled at a mean period of 14.1 years (SD 0.4) after treatment. At those examinations full-mouth sets of periapical(More)
Chemoradiotherapy-induced toxicity following unmodified allogeneic marrow grafting was studied. Patients with hematologic malignancy (n = 157) received cyclophosphamide (120 mg/kg) followed by single or fractionated total body irradiation (TBI); aplastic anemia patients (n = 41) received only cyclophosphamide (200 mg/kg). Physicians rated mucositis, pain(More)
While there are many claims that abnormal breathing patterns alter facial growth, there are limited controlled data to confirm this. We evaluated forty-five North American Caucasians of both sexes, ranging in age from 6 to 12 years. Thirty chronically allergic mouth-breathing subjects were selected from a pediatric allergy practice, and fifteen nonallergic(More)
This paper compares two quite different approaches to estimating costs: a 'bottom-up' approach, represented by the US Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) Decision Support System that uses local costs of specific inputs; and a 'top-down' approach, represented by the costing system created by the VA Health Economics Resource Center, which assigns the VA(More)
This study compared hospital to ambulatory nutritional rehabilitation outcomes and costs. Following a hospital stay to resolve initial acute medical conditions, 100 malnourished children (54 per cent male, ages 5 to 28 months) in Niger were randomly assigned to either hospital or ambulatory nutritional rehabilitation. Anthropometric measures were assessed(More)
Cost is increasingly important in the evaluation of health care. Though charges are often used as a proxy for cost, some health care systems such as the Veterans Administration do little or no billing. This article describes, presents examples of, and evaluates four options for determining the cost of care within the Department of Veterans Affairs:(More)