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In the central nervous system (CNS), the principal mediators of fast synaptic excitatory neurotransmission are L-glutamate-gated ion channels that are responsive to the glutamate agonist alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA). In each member of a family of four abundant AMPA receptors, a small segment preceding the predicted fourth(More)
L-glutamate, the principal excitatory transmitter in the brain, gates ion channels mediating fast neurotransmission. Subunit components of two related classes of glutamate receptor channels have been characterized by cDNA cloning and shown to carry either an arginine or a glutamine residue in a defined position of their putative channel-forming segment. The(More)
A functionally critical position (Q/R site) of the AMPA receptor subunit GluR-B is controlled by RNA editing that operates in the nucleus, since in brain and clonal cell lines of neural origin, unspliced GluR-B transcripts occur edited in the Q/R site CAG codon and, additionally, in intronic adenosines. Transfection of GluR-B gene constructs into PC12 cells(More)
GluR6, a subunit of high affinity kainate receptor channels in the mammalian CNS, carries a glutamine (Q) or arginine (R) residue in a critical position (Q/R site) of the putative channel-forming segment TM2. One form, GluR6(Q), is encoded by the GluR6 gene; the other, GluR6(R), is generated by RNA editing. Further analysis of cloned GluR6 cDNA revealed(More)
The murine gene encoding the GluR-B subunit of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid receptors was characterized with respect to exon-intron organization, transcriptional start site, alternatively spliced transcripts, and adenosine to guanosine substitutions between gene and complementary DNA sequence. The GluR-B gene spans > 90 kilobase(More)
Cancer-causing mutations often arise from gross chromosomal rearrangements (GCRs) such as translocations, which involve genetic exchange between nonhomologous chromosomes. Here we show that murine Brca2 has an essential function in suppressing GCR formation after chromosome breakage. Cells that harbor truncated Brca2 spontaneously incur GCRs and genomic DNA(More)
Two cDNAs encoding novel GABAA receptor subunits were isolated from a rat brain library. These subunits, gamma 2 and delta, share approximately 35% sequence identity with alpha and beta subunits and form functional GABA-gated chloride channels when expressed alone in vitro. The gamma 2 subunit is the rat homolog of the human gamma 2 subunit recently shown(More)
Benzodiazepines are widely prescribed anxiolytics and anticonvulsants which bind with high affinity to sites on the GABAA receptor/Cl- channel complex and potentiate the effect of the neurotransmitter GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid). The heterogeneity of benzodiazepine recognition sites in the central nervous system was revealed by studies showing different(More)
BACKGROUND To allow cost-effective RNA testing with NAT techniques, the national authorities of several countries have planned or already introduced tests of mixed specimens, that is, plasma pools. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS High-throughput extraction, amplification, and detection of HCV RNA from individual blood donations were optimized and validated. The(More)