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Bispectral analysis (BIS) of the electroencephalogram (EEG) has been shown in retrospective studies to predict whether patients will move in response to skin incision. This prospective multicenter study was designed to evaluate the real-time utility of BIS in predicting movement response to skin incision using a variety of general anesthetic techniques.(More)
This article reports on a piece of research designed to explore students' perceptions of what constitutes effective teaching in a modern UK university. Definitions of effectiveness, based on work in both the schools and university sectors, are explored and summarized into four domains: providing a supportive learning environment; having high expectations;(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify the remifentanil dosing regimen providing safe and optimal anesthetic conditions during coronary artery bypass graft surgery and to evaluate postoperative recovery characteristics. DESIGN Open-label, randomized, parallel group. SETTING Three centers in the United States. PARTICIPANTS Seventy-two patients with left ventricular(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To examine how premedication with clonidine affects opioid use, hemodynamic effects, hormonal responses, and recovery effects. DESIGN Double blind, placebo-controlled study. SETTING Operating room and surgical intensive care unit of a university medical center. PATIENTS 54 patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft(More)