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Although the entire coronary tree is exposed to the atherogenic effect of the systemic risk factors, atherosclerotic lesions form at specific arterial regions, where low and oscillatory endothelial shear stress (ESS) occur. Low ESS modulates endothelial gene expression through complex mechanoreception and mechanotransduction processes, inducing an(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking is a known risk factor for sudden cardiac death (SCD). However, the effect of continued cigarette smoking and smoking cessation on SCD risk in patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD) is subject to controversy. We, therefore, evaluated the effect of cigarette smoking on SCD risk in a large cohort of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Drug-eluting stents deliver potent compounds directly to arterial segments but can become clot laden when deployed. The question arises as to whether thrombi affect drug elution and arterial uptake. METHODS AND RESULTS Paclitaxel transport and retention were assessed in clots of different blood components. Diffusivity, affected by clot(More)
Founded in 1963 by two prominent Austrians living in exile – the sociologist Paul F. Lazarsfeld and the economist Oskar Morgenstern – with the financial support from the Ford Foundation, the Austrian Federal Ministry of Education, and the City of Vienna, the Institute for Advanced Studies (IHS) is the first institution for postgraduate education and(More)
The long-term patency of the left internal mammary artery (IMA) has made it the preferred conduit for myocardial revascularization. The proximal segment of the subclavian artery becomes functionally connected to the coronary circulation as a result of IMA implantation during coronary artery bypass surgery. The subclavian coronary steal syndrome results from(More)
BACKGROUND Low endothelial shear stress (ESS) promotes the development of atherosclerosis; however, its role in the progression of atherosclerotic plaques and evolution to inflamed high-risk plaques has not been studied. Our hypothesis was that the lowest values of ESS are responsible for the development of high-risk coronary atherosclerotic plaques(More)
BACKGROUND Melatonin plays a role in the biologic regulation of circadian rhythms, including sleep. Melatonin has also been shown to modulate vascular smooth muscle tone and to induce hemodynamic effects in humans. OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether melatonin plays a role in the circadian rhythm of blood pressure in hypertensive patients. METHODS Sixteen(More)
The benefit of beta-blocker therapy in patients after myocardial infarction is well established. The use of beta blockers in the high-risk subgroup of patients with combined diabetes mellitus (DM) and coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. From a database of 14,417 patients with chronic CAD who had been screened for participation in the(More)
Cancer incidence was assessed among a cohort of 10,923 male coronary patients in Israel screened for participation in a secondary prevention trial and compared with national cancer incidence rates. Higher total and age-specific incidence rates of cancer were observed among male coronary patients than among the Israeli male population, but this excess was(More)