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RATIONALE Ethanol and caffeine are two of the most widely consumed drugs in the world, often used in the same setting. Animal models may help to understand the conditions under which incidental memories formed just before ethanol intoxication might be lost or become difficult to retrieve. OBJECTIVES Ethanol-induced retrograde amnesia was investigated… (More)
Environmental contamination by endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDC) can have epigenetic effects (by DNA methylation) on the germ line and promote disease across subsequent generations. In natural populations, both sexes may encounter affected as well as unaffected individuals during the breeding season, and any diminution in attractiveness could compromise… (More)
The tumor suppressor protein p53 (Trp53) and the cell cycle inhibitor p27(Kip1) (Cdknb1) have both been implicated in regulating proliferation of adult subventricular zone (aSVZ) cells. We previously reported that genetic ablation of Trp53 (Trp53-/-) or Cdknb1 (p27(Kip1-/-) ) increased proliferation of cells in the aSVZ, but differentially affected the… (More)
Many of the neural benefits of exercise require weeks to manifest. It would be useful to accelerate onset of exercise-driven plastic changes, such as increased hippocampal neurogenesis. Exercise represents a significant challenge to the brain because it produces heat, but brain temperature does not rise during exercise in the cold. This study tested the… (More)
A lengthened response time when a distractor becomes a target, called negative priming, is an undisputed phenomenon in selective attention, yet just what the underlying mechanism responsible for negative priming is has not been resolved. In this study, the proportion of attended repetition trials was manipulated in order to test the predictions of three… (More)
Dedication This dissertation is dedicated to my father Dr. John Joseph Spinetta who has served as the single most inspiring individual in my life: as a philosopher, as a scholar, as a researcher, as an excellent professor, as a father, and as an incredible man.
BACKGROUND The third trimester in human fetal development represents a critical time of brain maturation referred to as the "brain growth spurt". This period occurs in rats postnatally, and exposure to ethanol during this time can increase the risk of impairments on a variety of cognitive and motor tasks. It has been proposed that one potential mechanism… (More)