Michael J. de Veer

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Leishmania major is an obligate intracellular eukaryotic pathogen of mononuclear phagocytes. Invasive promastigotes gain entry into target cells by receptor-mediated phagocytosis, transform into non-motile amastigotes and establish in the phagolysosome. Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored lipophosphoglycan (LPG) is a virulence factor and a major parasite(More)
Interferons (IFNs) are a family of multifunctional cytokines that activate transcription of subsets of genes. The gene products induced by IFNs are responsible for IFN antiviral, antiproliferative, and immunomodulatory properties. To obtain a more comprehensive list and a better understanding of the genes regulated by IFNs, we compiled data from many(More)
BACKGROUND Infection of intestinal epithelial cells by pathogenic Salmonella leads to activation of signaling cascades that ultimately initiate the proinflammatory gene program. The transcription factor NF-kappa B is a key regulator/activator of this gene program and is potently activated. We explored the mechanism by which Salmonella activates NF-kappa B(More)
The glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor of Plasmodium falciparum is thought to function as a critical toxin that contributes to severe malarial pathogenesis by eliciting the production of proinflammatory responses by the innate immune system of mammalian hosts. Analysis of the fine structure of P. falciparum GPI suggests a requirement for the presence(More)
The availability of effective vaccines would add a valuable tool to the management of gastrointestinal nematode infections in livestock. While some experimental vaccines have shown protection in laboratory trials, few have been tested in the field. In the present study, eight month old sheep kept on pasture were treated with anthelmintic 8 weeks before(More)
Neutrophil granulocytes traffic into sites of organ injury in which they may not only participate in tissue repair and pathogen clearance but may also contribute to collateral cell damage through the release of noxious mediators. The dynamics and mechanisms of neutrophil migration in the extravascular space toward loci of tissue damage are not well(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a method for the functional analysis of specific genes, and is particularly well developed in the free-living nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. There have been several attempts to apply this method to parasitic nematodes. In a recent study undertaken in Haemonchus contortus, Geldhof and colleagues concluded that, although a(More)
RNA interference (RNAi) is a powerful tool used to manipulate gene expression or determine gene function. One technique of expressing the short double-stranded (ds) RNA intermediates required for interference in mammalian systems is the introduction of short-interfering (si) RNAs. Although RNAi strategies are reliant on a high degree of specificity, little(More)
It has recently been recognised that vaccine adjuvants play a critical role in directing the nature of a vaccine induced effector response. In the present study, several adjuvants were evaluated for their ability to protect sheep after field vaccination with the larval-specific Haemonchus contortus antigen, HcsL3. Using a suboptimal antigen dose, aluminium(More)
Liposomal vaccine formulations incorporating stimulants that target innate immune receptors have been shown to significantly increase vaccine immunity. Following vaccination, innate cell populations respond to immune stimuli, phagocytose and process Ag, and migrate from the injection site, via the afferent lymphatic vessels, into the local lymph node. In(More)