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In spite of years of effort, plagiarism in student assignment submissions still causes considerable difficulties for course designers; if students' work is not their own, how can anyone be certain they have learnt anything? YAP is a system for detecting suspected plagiarism in computer programs and other texts submitted by students. The paper reviews YAP3,(More)
Research into late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins has been ongoing for more than 20 years but, although there is a strong association of LEA proteins with abiotic stress tolerance particularly dehydration and cold stress, for most of that time, their function has been entirely obscure. After their initial discovery in plant seeds, three major groups(More)
Although it is widely acknowledged that a plant's tolerance of herbivore damage depends on resource availability in the plant's environment, there is no consensus on whether higher resource levels lead to greater or to lower tolerance. The prevailing model, the compensatory continuum hypothesis (CCH), predicts that tolerance of herbivory should be greater(More)
Sequences from ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes have made a huge contribution to our current understanding of metazoan phylogeny and indeed the phylogeny of all of life. That said, some parts of this rRNA-based phylogeny remain unresolved. One approach to increase the resolution of these trees would be to use more appropriate models of sequence evolution in(More)
It has argued that systems for detecting similarities in submitted programs must be based on the analysis of program structure. One such system is “Plague”. In this paper, some difficulties with the Plague system are outlined and a new system is described that achieves the same goals as Plague, but in a way that is both more portable and more(More)
Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins are produced in maturing seeds and anhydrobiotic plants, animals and microorganisms, in which their expression correlates with desiccation tolerance. However, their function has remained obscure for 20 years. We argue that novel computational tools devised for non-globular proteins might now overcome this problem.(More)
BACKGROUND The late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins cover a number of loosely related groups of proteins, originally found in plants but now being found in non-plant species. Their precise function is unknown, though considerable evidence suggests that LEA proteins are involved in desiccation resistance. Using a number of statistically-based(More)
Multiple sequence alignment (MSA) is a crucial first step in the analysis of genomic and proteomic data. Commonly occurring sequence features, such as deletions and insertions, are known to affect the accuracy of MSA programs, but the extent to which alignment accuracy is affected by the positions of insertions and deletions has not been examined(More)
As the evolutionary importance of plant tolerance of herbivory is increasingly appreciated, more and more studies are not just measuring a plant's tolerance, but are comparing tolerance among plant genotypes, populations, species, and environments. Here, we suggest that caution must be taken in such comparative studies in the choice of measurement scales(More)