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Transcriptomic analysis of the response to bacterial pathogens has been reported for several species, yet few studies have investigated the transcriptional differences in whole blood in subjects that differ in their disease response phenotypes. Salmonella species infect many vertebrate species, and pigs colonized with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium(More)
In vivo vaccination and challenge studies have demonstrated that CD8(+) lymphocytes are essential for the development of cell-mediated protection against intracellular pathogens and neoplastic cells. Depletion of peripheral blood CD8(+) cells interferes with clearance of viruses and intracellular fungi, induction of delayed type hypersensitivity responses(More)
The release kinetics and stability of ovalbumin encapsulated into polyanhydride microspheres with varying chemistries were studied. Polymers based on the anhydride monomers sebacic acid (SA), 1,6-bis(p-carboxyphenoxy)hexane (CPH), and 1,8-bis (p-carboxyphenoxy)-3,6-dioxaoctane (CPTEG) were utilized. Microspheres were fabricated using two non-aqueous(More)
Brachyspira (Serpulina) hyodysenteriae infection of pigs (swine dysentery) causes a mucohemorrhagic diarrhea resulting in significant economic losses for producers. A commercial vaccine consisting of a proteinase-digested bacterin has shown efficacy in the reduction of disease due to B. hyodysenteriae. Vaccines consisting of whole cell bacterins, however,(More)
Biological activities of lipopolysaccharide-like (LPS-like, phenol/water extract) and endotoxin-like (butanol/water extract) preparations from Trepomena hyodysenteriae were examined. The treponemal phenol/water and butanol/water extracts were less toxic than E. coli LPS for murine peritoneal exudate cells (PECs). The treponemal phenol/water extract did not(More)
Serpulina hyodysenteriae infection of pigs, swine dysentery, causes a mucohemorrhagic diarrhoea resulting in significant economic losses to swine producers. The pathogenesis of this disease is poorly understood. Regardless, commercial vaccines have been developed and are in use. Thus, the present study was designed to examine cellular immune responses(More)
C3H/HeJ (lps(d)/lps(d)) and C3H/HeOuJ (lps(n)/lps(n)) mice were infected via gastric intubation with avian, porcine, or human isolates of weakly hemolytic spirochetes classified as Serpulina pilosicoli. Upon histopathological examination of cecal tissue from mice infected with avian or porcine isolates, colonization of spirochetes attached end-on to the(More)
An Escherichia coli recombinant fusion protein containing the major core protein of bovine immunodeficiency-like virus (BIV) was used to immunize mice for generation of monoclonal antibodies to BIV p26. Eight hybridomas specific for BIV p26 were identified and two antibodies, designated 104 and 142, were further characterized. Both 104 and 142 antibodies(More)
Two experiments with weanling pigs were conducted to study the effects on growth and immune responses of excess dietary L-leucine (LEU) and dietary supplementation with the LEU catabolites, alpha-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC) and beta-hydroxymethyl butyrate (HMB). In Exp. 1, 80 pigs were randomly allocated according to initial BW and ancestry to five(More)