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In vivo vaccination and challenge studies have demonstrated that CD8(+) lymphocytes are essential for the development of cell-mediated protection against intracellular pathogens and neoplastic cells. Depletion of peripheral blood CD8(+) cells interferes with clearance of viruses and intracellular fungi, induction of delayed type hypersensitivity responses(More)
Transcriptomic analysis of the response to bacterial pathogens has been reported for several species, yet few studies have investigated the transcriptional differences in whole blood in subjects that differ in their disease response phenotypes. Salmonella species infect many vertebrate species, and pigs colonized with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium(More)
Early-weaned pigs (n = 64) averaging 5.3 +/- 0.3 kg and distributed into two environments (dirty and clean) were used to evaluate effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on growth performance, immune competence, and empty body composition. A factorial (2 x 4) arrangement within a split-plot design, with four littermate pigs as the experimental unit for(More)
When encapsulating proteins in polymer microspheres for sustained drug delivery there are three stages during which the stability of the protein must be maintained: (1) the fabrication of the microspheres, (2) the storage of the microspheres, and (3) the release of the encapsulated protein. This study focuses on the effects of polymer degradation products(More)
Brachyspira (Serpulina) hyodysenteriae infection of pigs (swine dysentery) causes a mucohemorrhagic diarrhea resulting in significant economic losses for producers. A commercial vaccine consisting of a proteinase-digested bacterin has shown efficacy in the reduction of disease due to B. hyodysenteriae. Vaccines consisting of whole cell bacterins, however,(More)
Stimulation of lymphocyte proliferation using mitogens or specific antigens is a method that is used frequently to assess immune responsiveness. While useful, lymphocyte blastogenesis, or [3H]-thymidine incorporation, provides little information regarding the response of specific subsets to the stimulant. Here, we report that the fluorescent cell membrane(More)
Two experiments with weanling pigs were conducted to study the effects on growth and immune responses of excess dietary L-leucine (LEU) and dietary supplementation with the LEU catabolites, alpha-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC) and beta-hydroxymethyl butyrate (HMB). In Exp. 1, 80 pigs were randomly allocated according to initial BW and ancestry to five(More)
The release kinetics and stability of ovalbumin encapsulated into polyanhydride microspheres with varying chemistries were studied. Polymers based on the anhydride monomers sebacic acid (SA), 1,6-bis(p-carboxyphenoxy)hexane (CPH), and 1,8-bis (p-carboxyphenoxy)-3,6-dioxaoctane (CPTEG) were utilized. Microspheres were fabricated using two non-aqueous(More)
Serpulina hyodysenteriae infection of pigs, swine dysentery, causes a mucohemorrhagic diarrhoea resulting in significant economic losses to swine producers. The pathogenesis of this disease is poorly understood. Regardless, commercial vaccines have been developed and are in use. Thus, the present study was designed to examine cellular immune responses(More)