Michael J. Wannemuehler

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In vivo vaccination and challenge studies have demonstrated that CD8(+) lymphocytes are essential for the development of cell-mediated protection against intracellular pathogens and neoplastic cells. Depletion of peripheral blood CD8(+) cells interferes with clearance of viruses and intracellular fungi, induction of delayed type hypersensitivity responses(More)
Early-weaned pigs (n = 64) averaging 5.3 +/- 0.3 kg and distributed into two environments (dirty and clean) were used to evaluate effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on growth performance, immune competence, and empty body composition. A factorial (2 x 4) arrangement within a split-plot design, with four littermate pigs as the experimental unit for(More)
Four spirochete strains were isolated from papillomatous digital dermatitis (PDD) lesions in Iowa dairy cattle and compared with two previously described spirochete strains isolated from dairy cattle in California. These six strains shared an identical 16S ribosomal DNA sequence that was 98% similar to Treponema phagedenis and 99% similar to the(More)
Serpulina hyodysenteriae infection of pigs, swine dysentery, causes a mucohemorrhagic diarrhoea resulting in significant economic losses to swine producers. The pathogenesis of this disease is poorly understood. Regardless, commercial vaccines have been developed and are in use. Thus, the present study was designed to examine cellular immune responses(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a classic inducer of inflammatory cytokines and is a key virulence factor for most gram-negative pathogens. The effect of phenol-water (LPS) and butanol-water (endotoxin) extracts from Serpulina hyodysenteriae on inflammatory cytokine mRNA expression from porcine alveolar macrophages was investigated. The LPS and endotoxin(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the immune responses elicited by either a modified-live (MLV) or a killed virus (KV) porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccine. Specifically, we investigated the effects of multiple vaccinations on antigen-specific cellular and antibody responses against PRRSV. Twelve sows were(More)
Brachyspira (Serpulina) hyodysenteriae infection of pigs (swine dysentery) causes a mucohemorrhagic diarrhea resulting in significant economic losses for producers. A commercial vaccine consisting of a proteinase-digested bacterin has shown efficacy in the reduction of disease due to B. hyodysenteriae. Vaccines consisting of whole cell bacterins, however,(More)
Transcriptomic analysis of the response to bacterial pathogens has been reported for several species, yet few studies have investigated the transcriptional differences in whole blood in subjects that differ in their disease response phenotypes. Salmonella species infect many vertebrate species, and pigs colonized with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium(More)
Biological activities of lipopolysaccharide-like (LPS-like, phenol/water extract) and endotoxin-like (butanol/water extract) preparations from Trepomena hyodysenteriae were examined. The treponemal phenol/water and butanol/water extracts were less toxic than E. coli LPS for murine peritoneal exudate cells (PECs). The treponemal phenol/water extract did not(More)