Michael J. Tobyn

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Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to investigate drug-carrier interactions between beclometasone dipropionate (BDP) and a series of untreated and modified lactose surfaces. This quantitative information was correlated with bulk characterization methods and an in-vitro study. Modified lactose surfaces were prepared using a proprietary process referred(More)
This study investigates the impact of micronization on the measured surface energy characteristics of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API), ibipinabant, by inverse gas chromatography (IGC) using both a fixed probe concentration, commonly used in standard IGC methods, and a fixed probe surface coverage approach applied by the surface energy analyzer(More)
Methods are proposed and tested for mimicking the in vitro food effect on controlled release dosage forms, using USP dissolution apparatus 3. Using in vivo data a pH and time profile was constructed, and the methods utilized either presoaking in peanut oil or continuous oil contact to mimic the presence of a high fat meal. A water soluble drug (propranolol(More)
The surface morphology of a-lactose monohydrate particles was modified by a new wet-smoothing process performed in a high-shear mixer using solvents. Successive steps of wetting and drying of lactose powders during rolling in the mixer's cylindrical bowl were performed. Smoothed particles were tested for size distribution, flow, and packing. The(More)
The atomic force microscope (AFM) has been used to characterize the cohesive nature of a micronized pharmaceutical powder used for inhalation therapy. Salbutamol sulfate (also referred to as albuterol sulfate), a therapeutic drug commonly delivered from dry powder inhalers (DPI), was chosen as a model system because the cohesion and subsequent(More)
Surface energy data for samples of microcrystalline cellulose have been obtained using two techniques: capillary intrusion and inverse gas chromatography. Ten microcrystalline cellulose materials, studied using capillary intrusion, showed significant differences in the measured surface energetics (in terms of total surface energy and the acid-base(More)
When considering the development of potential controlled-release pulmonary drug delivery systems, there is at present no standard method available for the assessment of in vitro drug release profiles necessary to understand how the drug might release following deposition in the lungs. For this purpose, the twin-stage impinger (TSI), apparatus A of the BP,(More)
We report the case of BMS-488043-PVP solid dispersions which when analysed using modulated DSC showed compliance with the Gordon-Taylor model, confirming ideal mixing behaviour of the two components. The nature or presence of stabilising interactions between drug and PVP could not be confirmed using this technique. Use of FT-IR, Raman and solid-state NMR(More)
The role of surface properties, influenced by particle processing, in particle-particle interactions (powder cohesion) is investigated in this study. Wetting behaviour of mefenamic acid was found to be anisotropic by sessile drop contact angle measurements on macroscopic (>1cm) single crystals, with variations in contact angle of water from 56.3° to 92.0°.(More)