Michael J. Tapner

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OBJECTIVE The ABC transporter MRP2 (ABCC2) can mediate cisplatin efflux, and over-expression of MRP2 has been associated with cisplatin resistance in cancer cell lines. The aim of this study was to determine the role of MRP2 in modulating cisplatin cytotoxicity in normal cells as well as the relationship between MRP2 expression and clinical response to(More)
CYP3A4, the predominant cytochrome P450 expressed in human liver, is responsible for the metabolism of endogenous steroids and many drugs. On the basis of pharmacokinetic studies in patients with hormonal derangements and the effects of replacement therapy, it has been suggested that iodothyronines decrease CYP3A4-mediated drug metabolism, whereas(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To study effects of pharmacologic concentrations of azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) on rat hepatocytes. METHODS Hepatocytes cultured on matrigel were incubated with azathioprine or 6-MP; effects of putative protective agents were studied. Viability (LDH leakage), reduced (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG), mitochondrial (mt)(More)
We sought to establish an in vitro system to study the regulation of highly differentiated hepatocellular functions, and specifically the time-dependent expression of four cytochrome P450 (P450) genes at the messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein levels. When seeded onto matrigel, hepatocytes could be maintained for 8 days in media that were free of serum and(More)
Hepatocytes cultured on matrigel express many liver-specific functions, but the levels and activities of the predominant male-specific rat hepatic CYPs, 3A2 and 2C11, decline rapidly in culture. Metyrapone maintains the level of total cytochrome P450 of rat hepatocytes in primary culture, but the mechanism underlying this effect has not been completely(More)
PURPOSE To investigate and compare the quantitative accuracy of (90)Y imaging across different generation PET/CT scanners, for the purpose of dosimetry after radioembolization with resin microspheres. METHODS A strict experimental and imaging protocol was followed by 47 international sites using the NEMA 2007/IEC 2008 PET body phantom with an 8-to-1(More)
Our studies have identified a soluble molecule in normal human plasma and serum with the characteristics of the alpha-chain of the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP). LRP is a large multifunctional receptor mediating the clearance of diverse ligands, including selected lipoproteins, various protease inhibitor complexes, and(More)
Interferon down-regulates expression of cytochrome P-450 3A in male rats. This study explored the hypothesis that interferon therefore decreases the metabolism of drugs catalyzed by cytochrome P-450 3A. Initial experiments in male rats used microsomal erythromycin N-demethylase activity as a probe for cytochrome P-450 3A catalytic activity. After(More)
Administration of interferons of both the gamma and alfa/beta classes down-regulates hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes when administered to humans or rats. In male rats, interferons decrease expression of CYP3A2 at a pretranslational level, but because interferons also release other cytokines in vivo, it is unclear whether this is a direct effect on(More)
PURPOSE Liver metastases are the principal cause of death in patients with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC). Irinotecan is a chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of CRC and has demonstrated synergistic potential when used with radiation. Radioembolization with yttrium-90 microspheres has demonstrated increased response and survival rates when given(More)