Michael J Stark

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OBJECTIVE Several studies have shown that lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) persons have higher smoking prevalence than heterosexuals. However, few population-based studies have explored whether smoking-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviors also differ between the communities. METHODS We used Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for 2003 to(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assessed the cost effectiveness of different types of television and radio advertisements and the time of day in which advertisements were placed in generating calls to the Oregon tobacco quitline. DESIGN Cost effectiveness was measured by cost per call, calculated as the cost of advertising divided by the number of quitline calls(More)
OBJECTIVES To conduct a descriptive, comparative study of the acceptability and effectiveness of a tobacco cessation quitline (QL) among Alaska Native people and non-Alaska Native people. STUDY DESIGN From January 2006 to January 2007, we conducted telephone surveys of first-time Alaska QL callers who set a quit date. We attempted to reach them by phone(More)
INTRODUCTION We studied the impact of implementing a comprehensive smoke-free policy in multiunit housing in the Portland, Oregon metropolitan area. Among low-income tenants living in a subset of subsidized multiunit buildings, we evaluated cessation-related behaviors, policy knowledge and compliance, and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. METHODS We mailed(More)
BACKGROUND This study characterized Oregon households according to type and degree of restrictions on smoking and explored whether smoking restrictions are associated with decreased environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure. METHODS A population-based, random-digit-dialed cross-sectional telephone survey of 6,199 adult Oregonians was performed in 1997 to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether smoking quit rates and satisfaction with the Washington State tobacco quitline (QL) services varied by race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, area of residence (that is, urban versus non-urban), or sex of Washington QL callers. METHODS From October 2004 into October 2005, we conducted telephone surveys of Washington QL callers(More)
This study examined the prevalence of consistent condom use among inner-city women at risk for HIV, measured the distribution of these women across the stages of change for condom use, determined psychosocial factors associated with the stages, and suggested intervention strategies based on the results. The 5-city sample of women aged 15-34 years consisted(More)
BACKGROUND Tenants in multiunit housing are at elevated risk for exposure to secondhand smoke at home because of smoke migration from other units. COMMUNITY CONTEXT In 2004, tobacco control advocates in the Portland, Oregon, metropolitan area began to address this issue by launching a campaign to work with landlord and tenant advocates, private- and(More)
We conducted a longitudinal study among Oregon households with at least one smoker to assess smoking-related associations with ban adoption, to examine smoker support for bans, and to examine barriers to ban establishment. We followed a cohort of 1,604 baseline survey respondents for a median time of 21 months and re-interviewed 825 respondents (51.4%(More)
Our objective was to identify factors associated with current cigarette smoking among Latino adults in Oregon. We used data from 1,356 Latino participants and, for comparison, 18,593 non-Latino White participants in the 2000-2002 Oregon Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). The BRFSS is a random-digit-dialed, cross-sectional survey of(More)