Michael J. Siciliano

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The phenotypically similar hamster mutants irs1 and irs1SF exhibit high spontaneous chromosome instability and broad-spectrum mutagen sensitivity, including extreme sensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents. The human XRCC2 and XRCC3 genes, which functionally complement irs1 and irs1SF, respectively, were previously mapped in somatic cell hybrids.(More)
The mutagen-sensitive CHO line irs1SF was previously isolated on the basis of hypersensitivity to ionizing radiation and was found to be chromosomally unstable as well as cross-sensitive to diverse kinds of DNA-damaging agents. The analysis of somatic cell hybrids formed between irs1SF and human lymphocytes implicated a human gene (defined as XRCC3; x-ray(More)
We have cloned and characterized cDNAs that encode two human hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase (SULT) enzymes, SULT2B1a and SULT2B1b, as well as the single gene that encodes both of these enzymes. The two cDNAs differed at their 5'-termini and had 1050- and 1095-bp open reading frames that encoded 350 and 365 amino acids, respectively. The amino acid(More)
Retinal fascin is a newly identified photoreceptor-specific paralog of the actin-bundling protein fascin. Fascins crosslink f-actin into highly ordered bundles within dynamic cell extensions such as neuronal growth cone filopodia. We have isolated cDNA and genomic clones of human retinal fascin and characterized the structure of the human retinal fascin(More)
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is one of a growing number of inherited human diseases whose molecular basis has been implicated as the expansion of a trinucleotide DNA repeat. Expanded disease-associated alleles of >50 CTG repeats are unstable in both the germline and soma. Expansion of the unstable alleles over time and variation of the level of mutation(More)
Creatine and creatine phosphate act as a buffer system for the regeneration of ATP in tissues with fluctuating energy demands. Following reports of the cloning of a creatine transporter in rat, rabbit, and human, we cloned and sequenced a creatine transporter from a human intestinal cDNA library. PCR amplification of genomic DNAs from somatic cell hybrid(More)
Sulfate conjugation catalyzed by sulfotransferase (SULT) enzymes is an important pathway in the biotransformation of many drugs, other xenobiotics, neurotransmitters, and hormones. We previously described a human cDNA, SULT1C1, that encoded a protein similar in sequence to that of rat ST1C1. Subsequently, a related human cDNA, SULT1C2, was reported. In the(More)
We have analyzed t(1;14)(p32;q11) chromosome translocations from two patients with T cell acute lymphocytic leukemia. The chromosome 1 breakpoints of these patients lie within a kilobasepair of each other, and thus define a genetic locus (designated tal) involved in T cell oncogenesis. Moreover, we have identified sequences within tal that potentially(More)
BACKGROUND The myotonic dystrophies (DM1, DM2) are the most common adult muscle diseases and are characterized by multisystem involvement. DM1 has been described in diverse populations, whereas DM2 seems to occur primarily in European Caucasians. Both are caused by the expression of expanded microsatellite repeats. In DM1, there is a reservoir of(More)
Identifying microsatellite instability (MSI) by partitioning DNA into multiple small pools containing only single genome amounts of DNA results in trapping both progenitor and low-frequency mutant alleles into pools where they can be identified and counted following PCR. Statistical approaches determining both the frequencies and the significant differences(More)