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Malfunctions of potassium channels are increasingly implicated as causes of neurological disorders. However, the functional roles of the large-conductance voltage- and Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel (BK channel), a unique calcium, and voltage-activated potassium channel type have remained elusive. Here we report that mice lacking BK channels (BK(-/-)) show(More)
1. The responsiveness of the rat hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and hypothalamo-neurohypophysial system (HNS) to emotional (elevated plus-maze) and physical (forced swimming) stressors and to administration of synthetic corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) was investigated during pregnancy and lactation. In addition to pregnancy-related(More)
Large-conductance calcium- and voltage- activated potassium (BK) channels play a fundamental role in the signaling pathways regulating mouse anterior pituitary corticotrope function. Here we describe the cloning and functional characterization of the components of mouse corticotrope BK channels. RT-PCR cloning and splice variant analysis of mouse AtT20(More)
The pore-forming alpha-subunits of large conductance calcium- and voltage-activated potassium (BK) channels are encoded by a single gene that undergoes extensive alternative pre-mRNA splicing. However, the extent to which differential exon usage at a single site of splicing may confer functionally distinct properties on BK channels is largely unknown. Here(More)
Alternative exon splicing and reversible protein phosphorylation of large conductance calcium-activated potassium (BK) channels represent fundamental control mechanisms for the regulation of cellular excitability. BK channels are encoded by a single gene that undergoes extensive, hormonally regulated exon splicing. In native tissues BK channels display(More)
Synaptic terminals and neuroendocrine cells are packed with secretory vesicles, only a few of which are docked at the plasma membrane and readily releasable. The remainder are thought to constitute a large cytoplasmic reserve pool awaiting recruitment into the readily releasable pool (RRP) for exocytosis. How vesicles are prioritized in recruitment is still(More)
Large-conductance, calcium- and voltage-gated potassium (BK) channels play an important role in cellular excitability by controlling membrane potential and calcium influx. The stress axis regulated exon (STREX) at splice site 2 inverts BK channel regulation by protein kinase A (PKA) from stimulatory to inhibitory. Here we show that palmitoylation of STREX(More)
The properties of the hyperpolarization-activated inward cation current (Ih) in mouse anterior pituitary, AtT20 D16:16 corticotropes was characterized by whole cell patch clamp recording. In response to hyperpolarizing steps a large, slowly activating, voltage-dependent inward current was activated with a half maximal activation voltage (V0.5) of(More)
We have investigated the structural basis for the phenotype of a native rat Slo (rSlo) potassium channel (BK(Ca); KCNMA1) in a rat pituitary cell line, GH(4)C(1). Opposing regulation of these calcium- and voltage-activated potassium channels by cAMP- and cGMP-dependent protein kinases requires an alternatively spliced exon (strex) of 59 amino acids in the(More)
1. Large-conductance Ca(2+)- and voltage-activated potassium (BK) channels are important regulators of cellular excitability. Here, we present a patch-clamp electrophysiological analysis of splice-variant-specific regulation by the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone (DEX) of BK channels consisting of cloned STREX or ZERO alpha-subunit variants expressed(More)