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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE While MR findings in progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) have been described previously, usually in retrospective studies with limited sample size, what has not been well addressed is whether any are predictive of longer survival. Our participation in a large prospective clinical trial of AIDS patients with biopsy-proved(More)
Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), once considered a rare brain neoplasm, has been steadily increasing in incidence mainly due to an enlarging population of immunosuppressed patients. PCNSL has become the second most common brain space occupying lesion in patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. A rapid diagnosis of this entity(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent studies have shown the beneficial effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in AIDS-related progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). The purpose of our study was to evaluate the initial and follow-up imaging findings and survival in patients with PML who were treated with HAART. METHODS The clinical(More)
PURPOSE To describe the MR manifestations and temporal course of wallerian degeneration that occurs above and below a spinal cord injury, and to compare the MR findings with postmortem histopathology. METHOD Twenty-four postmortem spinal cords from patients with cervical (n = 14), thoracic (n = 6), and lumbar (n = 4) cord injuries were studied with axial(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the occurrence of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in association with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, an X-linked recessive disorder with impairment of both cellular and humoral immunity. DESIGN A detailed analysis of this patient's clinical illness, immunologic factors, neuroradiographic findings, and brain(More)
SUMMARY While uncommon, CNS-IRIS developing after the initiation of HAART in the setting of HIV-related severe immunosuppression is characterized by an intense inflammatory reaction to dead or latent organisms or to self-antigens due to a heightened but dysregulated immune response. While this reaction can range from mild to fulminating, encompassing a very(More)
Evaluation of over 255 patients with sellar and parasellar lesions allowed study of the computed tomographic (CT) appearance of the cavernous sinus. Optimal visualization of the cavernous sinus was obtained with continuous contrast enhancement of both axial and coronal tomograms. The coronal projection provided imaging of cranial nerves with the cavernous(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate and describe the neuroimaging findings of patients with neurosyphilis. METHODS The neuroimaging studies of 35 patients with documented neurosyphilis were reviewed. Diagnosis was established in 34 patients with cerebrospinal fluid for a Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test, complemented by autopsy in 1 and brain biopsy in 1. All(More)