Michael J. Owens

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Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), a 41 amino acid-containing peptide, appears to mediate not only the endocrine but also the autonomic and behavioral responses to stress. Stress, in particular early-life stress such as childhood abuse and neglect, has been associated with a higher prevalence rate of affective and anxiety disorders in adulthood. In the(More)
OBJECTIVE Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and somatostatin both play important roles in mediating responses to acute and chronic stress. The purpose of this study was to measure CSF concentrations of CRF and somatostatin in patients with chronic combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and comparison subjects. METHOD Lumbar punctures for(More)
A 40-bp variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism exists in the 15th exon of DAT1, the gene encoding the human dopamine transporter (DAT). Though the VNTR resides in a region encoding the 3' untranslated region (UTR) and does not alter the protein's amino acid sequence, the prevalent 10-repeat variant has shown both linkage and association to(More)
Interactions between the classical monoamine neurotransmitter dopamine (DA) and the peptide neurotransmitter neurotensin (NT) in the central nervous system (CNS) have now been investigated for over two decades. Interest in this topic has been sustained, primarily because of the potential clinical relevance of these interactions to schizophrenia and drug(More)
There is increasing evidence for an important role of adverse early experience on the development of major psychiatric disorders in adulthood. Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), an endogenous neuropeptide, is the primary physiological regulator of the mammalian stress response. Grown nonhuman primates who were exposed as infants to adverse early rearing(More)
To date, none of the available antipsychotic drugs are curative, all have significant side-effect potential, and a receptor-binding profile predictive of superior therapeutic ability has not been determined. It has become increasingly clear that schizophrenia does not result from the dysfunction of a single neurotransmitter system, but rather from an(More)
BACKGROUND Though selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have revolutionized the field of psychiatry with demonstrated efficacy in affective and anxiety disorders with minimal side effects, norepinephrine-serotonin reuptake inhibitors may provide efficacy similar to tricyclic antidepressants without the adverse side effects associated with tricyclic(More)
There is considerable evidence that CRF-containing neurons integrate the endocrine, autonomic, immune, and behavioral responses to stress. In this study we examined long term effects of early stress on developing hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic CRF neural systems in the rat brain and subsequent responses to stress in the adult. Specifically, we sought to(More)
In a series of experiments, we tested the hypothesis that chronic antidepressant drug administration reduces the synaptic availability of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) through one or more effects on CRF gene expression or peptide synthesis. We also determined whether effects of acute or chronic stress on CRF gene expression or peptide concentration(More)