Becky Kinkead9
Kelly H Skelton6
9Becky Kinkead
6Kelly H Skelton
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The neurogenesis hypothesis of depression posits (1) that neurogenesis in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus is regulated negatively by stressful experiences and positively by treatment with antidepressant drugs and (2) that alterations in the rate of neurogenesis play a fundamental role in the pathology and treatment of major depression. This(More)
The two neuropeptides corticotropin-releasing-factor (CRF) and oxytocin (OT) may produce opposing behavioral effects - elevations of the former have been associated with anxiety and social vigilance and reductions of the latter with reduced social affiliation. We sought to test the hypothesis that, within the primate macaque genus, the more gregarious,(More)
RATIONALE Certain adverse events in childhood, such as loss of a parent or sexual abuse, are associated with an increased vulnerability to develop depression later in life. Prolonged, daily maternal separation of rat pups induces several behavioral, endocrine and neurochemical changes similar to those observed in human depression. OBJECTIVES Because(More)
BACKGROUND A 40-bp variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism exists in the 15th exon of DAT1, the gene encoding the human dopamine transporter (DAT). Though the VNTR resides in a region encoding the 3' untranslated region (UTR) and does not alter the protein's amino acid sequence, the prevalent 10-repeat variant has shown both linkage and(More)
  • Jeremy D Coplan, Margaret Altemus, Sanjay J Mathew, Eric Lp Smith, Bruce Sharf, Paul M Coplan +5 others
  • 2005
BACKGROUND The study of environment-gene interactions during neurodevelopment may facilitate our understanding of the origins of psychiatric disorders. Environmental contribution to the neurobiology of psychopathology is perhaps most relevant during infancy, where vulnerability to early-life stressors is particularly evident. OBJECTIVES In the current(More)
In 2003, available pharmacotherapy for mood disorders was based almost entirely on observations from the 1950s and 1960s that agents that enhance monoamine transmitter function are effective antidepressants. Preclinical studies show that chronic administration of all effective antidepressants increases the efficiency of post-synaptic 5-HT transmission. Many(More)
Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus of adult laboratory animals has been widely reported to be vulnerable to many psychological and physical stressors. However, we have found no effects of acute restraint stress, acute or subchronic tailshock stress, or acute, subchronic, or chronic resident-intruder stress on neural progenitor cell (NPC)(More)
Previous studies have reported elevated concentrations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in patients with major depression. Elevations of CSF CRF have also been reported in adult laboratory animals exposed to the stress of brief maternal deprivation or maternal neglect in the neonatal or preweaning period. The present study(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) orchestrates the mammalian endocrine, autonomic, and behavioral stress response and has been implicated in the pathophysiology of illnesses ranging from irritable bowel syndrome to mood and anxiety disorders. CRF is produced and released from a variety of cell types, making it difficult to distinguish the specific role(More)