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In this study, the records of all patients at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center with T1 or T2 breast cancer who were treated between March of 1986 and November of 1990 with mastectomy followed by immediate breast reconstruction were reviewed for the presence of recurrent disease. Patients with in situ disease were not included. Patients(More)
The use of postoperative irradiation following oncologic breast surgery is dictated by tumor pathology, margins, and lymph node involvement. Although irradiation negatively influences implant reconstruction, it is less clear what effect it has on autogenous tissue. This study evaluated the effect of postoperative irradiation on transverse rectus abdominis(More)
We describe a simple method for the assessment of symptoms twice a day in patients admitted to a palliative care unit. Eight visual analog scales (VAS) 0-100 mm are completed either by the patient alone, by the patient with nurse's assistance, or by the nurses or relatives at 10:00 and 18:00 hours, in order to indicate the levels of pain, activity, nausea,(More)
First-order logic doesn't have a good concept of time. Abstract Artiicial intelligence research falls roughly into two categories: formal and implementational. This division is not completely rm: there are implementational studies based on (formal or informal) theories (e.g., CYC, SOAR, OSCAR), and there are theories framed with an eye toward(More)
This study presents the complete genome sequence of Lactobacillus gasseri ATCC 33323, a neotype strain of human origin and a native species found commonly in the gastrointestinal tracts of neonates and adults. The plasmid-free genome was 1,894,360 bp in size and predicted to encode 1,810 genes. The GC content was 35.3%, similar to the GC content of its(More)
PURPOSE To review the state of the science with respect to diagnostic imaging and locoregional therapy for patients with breast cancer receiving preoperative chemotherapy. METHODS Published data relevant to clinical staging, monitoring of tumor response, and locoregional therapy for patients with breast cancer treated with preoperative chemotherapy were(More)
BACKGROUND The radial forearm free flap has become a workhorse flap in head and neck reconstruction. Its lack of bulk, ease of dissection, vascularity, and malleability are among its many advantages. PATIENTS AND METHODS A review of 157 radial forearm free flaps performed in 155 patients between March 1988 and June 1994 at The University of Texas M.D.(More)
Bone formation was investigated in vitro by culturing stromal osteoblasts in three-dimensional (3-D), biodegradable poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) foams. Three polymer foam pore sizes, ranging from 150-300, 300-500, and 500-710 microns, and two different cell seeding densities, 6.83 x 10(5) cells/cm2 and 22.1 x 10(5) cells/cm2, were examined over a 56-day(More)
The prevalence of childhood obesity has risen dramatically and coincident with this upsurge is a growth in adverse childhood psychological conditions including impulsivity, depression, anxiety and attention deficit/hyperactive disorder (ADHD). Due to confounds that exist when determining causality of childhood behavioral perturbations, controversy remains(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative infection in tissue expander breast reconstruction causes increased morbidity, cost, and suboptimal patient outcomes. To improve outcomes, it is important to preoperatively identify factors that might predispose to infection and minimize them when possible. It is hypothesized that certain patient characteristics are associated with(More)