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Adhesion to host cells is an initial and important step in Acinetobacter baumannii pathogenesis. However, there is relatively little information on the mechanisms by which A. baumannii binds to and interacts with host cells. Adherence to extracellular matrix proteins, such as fibronectin, affords pathogens with a mechanism to invade epithelial cells. Here,(More)
The increasing clinical importance of infections caused by multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii warrants the development of novel approaches for prevention and treatment. In this context, vaccination of certain patient populations may contribute to reducing the morbidity and mortality caused by this pathogen. Vaccines against Gram-negative bacteria(More)
A growing body of evidence supports the notion that susceptible Acinetobacter baumannii strain ATCC 19606 induces human epithelial cells death. However, most of the cellular and molecular mechanisms associated with this cell death remain unknown, and also the degree of the cytotoxic effects of a clinical panresistant strain compared with a susceptible(More)
A robust immune response is generated against components of the adenovirus capsid. In particular, a potent and long-lived humoral response is elicited against the hexon protein. This is due to the efficient presentation of adenovirus capsid proteins to CD4+ T cells by antigen-presenting cells, in addition to the highly repetitive structure of the adenovirus(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii produces different types of infections including pneumonia, meningitis, and bloodstream infections. The optimal treatment of these infections has been complicated by the global emergence of multidrug resistant strains, requiring the development of novel approaches for treatment and prevention. Outer membrane vesicles are outpouchings(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as a medically important pathogen because of the increasing number of infections produced by this organism over the preceding three decades and the global spread of strains with resistance to multiple antibiotic classes. In spite of its clinical relevance, until recently, there have been few studies addressing the factors(More)
Prime-boost vaccination using plasmid DNA and replication-defective adenovirus vectors has emerged as a highly effective strategy for vaccinating against viral pathogens. However, its ability to provide protection against bacterial disease has never been assessed. Here we evaluate prime-boost vaccination approaches for immunizing against anthrax. We show(More)
The treatment of infections caused by Acinetobacter baumannii has become increasingly complicated due to the emergence of highly resistant strains. In the present study we demonstrate that immunization with an inactivated whole cell vaccine elicits a robust antibody response that provides protection against challenge with multiple A. baumannii strains in a(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii, which causes serious infections in immunocompromised patients, expresses high-affinity iron acquisition functions needed for growth under iron-limiting laboratory conditions. In this study, we determined that the initial interaction of the ATCC 19606(T) type strain with A549 human alveolar epithelial cells is independent of the(More)