Michael J. McConnell

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Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as a medically important pathogen because of the increasing number of infections produced by this organism over the preceding three decades and the global spread of strains with resistance to multiple antibiotic classes. In spite of its clinical relevance, until recently, there have been few studies addressing the factors(More)
ADENOVIRUSES WERE FIRST DISCOVERED half a century ago by Rowe and colleagues, who were trying to culture adenoid tissue in the laboratory (Rowe et al., 1953). Since that time, nonhuman adenoviruses have been isolated from a number of species including chimpanzees, pig, mouse, and dog, as well as other mammalian and avian species (Shenk, 1996). Although(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii produces different types of infections including pneumonia, meningitis, and bloodstream infections. The optimal treatment of these infections has been complicated by the global emergence of multidrug resistant strains, requiring the development of novel approaches for treatment and prevention. Outer membrane vesicles are outpouchings(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii, which causes serious infections in immunocompromised patients, expresses high-affinity iron acquisition functions needed for growth under iron-limiting laboratory conditions. In this study, we determined that the initial interaction of the ATCC 19606(T) type strain with A549 human alveolar epithelial cells is independent of the(More)
A robust immune response is generated against components of the adenovirus capsid. In particular, a potent and long-lived humoral response is elicited against the hexon protein. This is due to the efficient presentation of adenovirus capsid proteins to CD4+ T cells by antigen-presenting cells, in addition to the highly repetitive structure of the adenovirus(More)
Infections caused by Acinetobacter baumannii have emerged as a significant clinical problem due to the increase in infections caused by antibiotic resistant strains. A. baumannii OmpA is a highly conserved membrane protein that has multiple roles in interacting with the host during infection, and thus represents an attractive target for the development of(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii (American Type Culture Collection strain 19606) acquires mutations in the pmrB gene during the in vitro development of resistance to colistin. The colistin-resistant strain has lower affinity for colistin, reduced in vivo fitness (competition index, .016), and decreased virulence, both in terms of mortality (0% lethal dose, 6.9 vs(More)
Acinetobacter baumannii causes pneumonias, bacteremias, and skin and soft tissue infections, primarily in the hospitalized setting. The incidence of infections caused by A. baumannii has increased dramatically over the last 30 years, while at the same time the treatment of these infections has been complicated by the emergence of antibiotic-resistant(More)
A growing body of evidence supports the notion that susceptible Acinetobacter baumannii strain ATCC 19606 induces human epithelial cells death. However, most of the cellular and molecular mechanisms associated with this cell death remain unknown, and also the degree of the cytotoxic effects of a clinical panresistant strain compared with a susceptible(More)
The treatment of infections caused by Acinetobacter baumannii has become increasingly complicated due to the emergence of highly resistant strains. In the present study we demonstrate that immunization with an inactivated whole cell vaccine elicits a robust antibody response that provides protection against challenge with multiple A. baumannii strains in a(More)