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The application of cationic liposome reagents has advanced DNA and mRNA transfection research in vitro, and data are accumulating which show their utility for in vivo gene transfer. However, chemical structure-activity data leading to a better mechanistic understanding of their biological activity is still limited. Most of the cationic lipid reagents in use(More)
BACKGROUND The chronic shortage in the supply of human organs available for allotransplantation has turned attention toward the use of animals as potential donors, with pigs as the most likely species under consideration. Hyperacute rejection, the initial and immediate barrier to a pig-to-primate xenograft, has been addressed by generation of transgenic(More)
BACKGROUND The major antigen recognized on pig tissue by primate antibodies is a terminal galalpha1-3gal carbohydrate structure (gal antigen) present on glycolipids and glycoproteins. The production of animals from somatic cells allows for the inactivation of specific genes. It is anticipated that the complete inactivation of the gene encoding alpha1-3(More)
Thirty-one patients with schizophrenia and 33 normal control subjects underwent MRI. The BPRS was used to rate clinical symptoms and the NART to estimate pre-morbid IQ. All were right handed. The temporal lobe was significantly smaller on the left than the right in both the control and schizophrenic groups. The amygdala was smaller on the left than the(More)
This study was designed to investigate whether auditory P300 event-related potential and smooth pursuit eye-movement abnormalities in schizophrenia are associated with brain structural changes measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Serial coronal MRI scans obtained from 31 schizophrenic subjects and 33 volunteer controls were analysed by a rater(More)
The susceptibility of xenografts to hyperacute rejection is postulated to reflect in part failure of complement regulatory proteins (CRPs) to control activation of heterologous complement on graft endothelium. To test this concept, transgenic swine expressing the human CRP decay accelerating factor and CD59 were developed using a novel expression system(More)
We characterize a line of transgenic pigs that express the human complement-regulatory proteins human CD59 and human decay-accelerating factor. These genes, under the control of heterologous promoters, are expressed in a variety of organs, including the vasculature of the heart, kidney, and liver. We demonstrate that moderate levels of these gene products(More)
Hyperacute rejection of a porcine organ by higher primates is initiated by the binding of xenoreactive natural antibodies of the recipient to blood vessels in the graft leading to complement activation. The majority of these antibodies recognize the carbohydrate structure Gal(alphal,3)Gal (gal epitope) present on cells of pigs. It is possible that the(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the development of porcine ova fertilized by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Allyl trenbolone (Regumate) was used to synchronize estrus in 13 postpuberal gilts. Gilts were superovulated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin and hCG. Ova were aspirated from 5- to 8-mm follicles at 36 h after hCG. Cumulus(More)
Infection with herpes simplex viruses (HSVs) resistant to treatment with acyclovir (9-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)-methyl]guanine, Zovirax) is a growing clinical problem in patients with AIDS and other immunosuppressed states. Most virus isolates resistant to acyclovir are deficient or defective in virally coded thymidine kinase (TK), which converts acyclovir to(More)