Michael J Marino

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The activation of group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) produces a variety of actions that lead to alterations in excitability and synaptic transmission in the CA1 region of the hippocampus. The group I mGluRs, mGluR1 and mGluR5, are activated selectively by (S)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG). To identify which of these mGluR subtypes are(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a debilitating movement disorder that afflicts >1 million people in North America. Current treatments focused on dopamine-replacement strategies ultimately fail in most patients because of loss of efficacy and severe adverse effects that worsen as the disease progresses. The recent success of surgical approaches suggests that a(More)
In recent years there have been tremendous advances in our understanding of the circuitry of the basal ganglia and our ability to predict the behavioural effects of specific cellular changes in this circuit on voluntary movement. These advances, combined with a new understanding of the rich distribution and diverse physiological roles of metabotropic(More)
A pathological increase in excitatory glutamatergic input to substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) from the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is believed to play a key role in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease. We present an analysis of the physiological roles that group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) play in regulating SNr functions.(More)
The globus pallidus (GP) is a key GABAergic nucleus in the basal ganglia (BG). The predominant input to the GP is an inhibitory striatal projection that forms the first synapse in the indirect pathway. The GP GABAergic neurons project to the subthalamic nucleus, providing an inhibitory control of these glutamatergic cells. Given its place within the BG(More)
The GABAergic projection neurons of the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) exert an important influence on the initiation and control of movement. The SNr is a primary output nucleus of the basal ganglia (BG) and is controlled by excitatory inputs from the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and inhibitory inputs from the striatum and globus pallidus. Changes in(More)
Evidence suggests that cholinergic input to the hippocampus plays an important role in learning and memory and that degeneration of cholinergic terminals in the hippocampus may contribute to the memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease. One of the more prominent effects of cholinergic agonists on hippocampal physiology is the potentiation of(More)
The metabotropic glutamate receptor, mGluR5, has a critical role in induction of NMDA-receptor-dependent forms of synaptic plasticity and excitotoxicity. This is likely mediated by a reciprocal positive-feedback interaction between these two glutamate receptor subtypes in which activation of mGluR5 potentiates NMDA receptor currents and NMDA receptor(More)
The group I metabotropic glutamate receptors, mGluR1 and mGluR5, exhibit a high degree of sequence homology, and are often found co-expressed in the same neuronal populations. These receptors couple to a broad array of effector systems, and are implicated in diverse physiological and pathophysiological functions. Due to the high degree of sequence homology,(More)
The basal ganglia (BG) are a set of interconnected subcortical structures that play a critical role in motor control. The BG are thought to control movements by a delicate balance of transmission through two BG circuits that connect the input and output nuclei: the direct and the indirect pathways. The BG are also involved in a number of movement disorders.(More)