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AIMS Whether the selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor sertraline at 200 mg/day delays relapse in recently abstinent cocaine-dependent individuals. DESIGN The study involved a 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial with 2-week residential stay followed by 10-week out-patient participation. SETTING Veterans Affairs residential unit(More)
Methamphetamine has become a major public health issue globally, particularly in the United States. Despite this, no effective pharmacotherapy for methamphetamine abuse has been developed to date. This 6-week, open-label pilot clinical trial examined the safety and tolerability of modafinil up to 400 mg/d in 8 methamphetamine-dependent individuals. Subjects(More)
This study evaluated the quality-adjusted health status in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In a cross-sectional study veterans diagnosed with PTSD completed a quality-adjusted health status measure (Quality of Well-Being Self-Administered [QWB-SA] scale), PTSD symptom severity measures (Mississippi Scale for Combat-Related PTSD and(More)
Delay discounting rates are predictive of drug use status, the likelihood of becoming abstinent, and a variety of health behaviors. Rates of delay discounting may also be related to other relevant behaviors associated with addiction, such as the frequency at which individuals redeem contingency management voucher earnings. This study examined the(More)
BACKGROUND Methadone substitution therapy is an effective harm reduction treatment method for opioid dependent persons. Ability to retain patients in methadone treatment is an accepted predictor of treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVES The current study evaluates the roles of psychiatric comorbidity, medical comorbidity, and sociodemographic characteristics as(More)
BACKGROUND Methamphetamine dependence has become a significant problem, but methamphetamine withdrawal symptoms have not been well studied. METHODS This prospective observational pilot study was designed to examine withdrawal symptoms, mood, anxiety, cognitive function, and subjective measures of sleep over a 4-week period in six patients entering(More)
UNLABELLED This study examined the dose-related efficacy of disulfiram for treating cocaine dependence in methadone-stabilized cocaine dependent participants. DESIGN One hundred and sixty-one cocaine- and opioid-dependent volunteers were entered into a 14-week, double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial at two sites. METHODS(More)
Exposure to drugs is unfortunately common among high school students and its use has been linked to depression and suicide risk. We used the 2011 Arkansas Youth Risk Behavior Survey to estimate the prevalence of drug abuse and to measure its association with teen suicidality. Three types of substance misuse were reported by more than 10% of Arkansas high(More)
This pilot study examined the efficacy of the N-type calcium channel blocker gabapentin to improve outcomes during a brief detoxification protocol with buprenorphine. Treatment-seeking opioid-dependent individuals were enrolled in a 5-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial examining the effects of gabapentin during a 10-day outpatient detoxification(More)
Pooled self-report and physiological data from 32 male and 15 female methadone or levo-alpha-acetyl methadol (LAAM) maintained volunteers were retrospectively analyzed for individual differences in response to naloxone (0.15 mg/70 kg, IM) and placebo at 20 and 40 min post-injection. Males and females were each divided by the median splitmethadone(More)