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It has been shown (S. Lawrence, 2001, Nature, 411, 521) that journal articles which have been posted without charge on the internet are more heavily cited than those which have not been. Using data from the NASA Astrophysics Data System (ads.harvard.edu) and from the ArXiv e-print archive at Cornell University (arXiv.org) we examine the causes of this(More)
The NASA Astrophysics Data System Abstract Service has become a key component of astronomical research. It provides bibliographic information daily, or near daily, to a majority of astronomical researchers worldwide. We describe the history of the development of the system and its current status. Urania (Boyce 1996), and the ADS role in the emerging(More)
The NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS), along with astronomy's journals and data centers (a collaboration dubbed URANIA), has developed a distributed on-line digital library which has become the dominant means by which astronomers search, access and read their technical literature. Digital libraries such as the NASA Astrophysics Data System permit the easy(More)
By combining data from the text, citation, and reference databases with data from the ADS readership logs we have been able to create Second Order Bibliometric Operators, a customizable class of collaborative filters which permits substantially improved accuracy in literature queries. Using the ADS usage logs along with membership statistics from the(More)
Are the e-prints (electronic preprints) from the arXiv repository being used instead of the journal articles? In this paper we show that the e-prints have not undermined the usage of journal papers in the astrophysics community. As soon as the journal article is published, the astronomical community prefers to read the journal article and the use of(More)
—Mechanistic dynamic models often contain unknown parameters whose values are difficult to determine even with highly specialized laboratory experiments. A practical approach is to estimate such parameters from available process data. Typically only a subset of the parameters can be estimated due to restrictions imposed by the model structure, lack of(More)
The NASA Astrophysics Data System integrates a wealth of scientiic bibliographic and data resources|originally generated in multiple formats and available from multiple providers|in three discipline-oriented, centralized databases. Search and retrieval of the bibliographies and data sources is possible via a set of World Wide Web forms and interface(More)
Introduction: The SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS) provides various free services for finding , accessing, and managing bibliographic data, including a basic search form, the myADS notification service [1], and private library capabilities [2], plus access to scanned pages of published articles. The ADS also provides powerful search capabilities,(More)
Since it was first announced at ADASS 2 the Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics System Abstract Service (ADS) has played a central role in the information seeking behavior of astronomers. Central to the ability of the ADS to act as a search and discovery tool is its role as metadata agregator. Over the past 13 years the ADS has introduced many new techniques to(More)