Michael J. Hurley

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In Parkinson's disease oxidative stress and calcium-induced excitotoxicity have been considered important mechanisms leading to cell death for decades, but the factors that make some neurons vulnerable to neurodegeneration while others remain resistant are not fully understood. Studies of the disorder in animal models suggest that the voltage-gated calcium(More)
l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine methyl ester (l-DOPA)-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease may result from aberrant glutamatergic stimulation of the striatum due to synaptic plasticity in the motor cortex or striatum as a consequence of adaptation of striatal output pathways. This might result from changes in NMDA receptor subunit or NMDA receptor(More)
The presence of neuronal elements that are indicative of dopaminergic neurotransmission in cerebellum suggest that this brain region may contribute to the motor symptoms or dyskinesia seen in Parkinson's disease. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to examine the expression of markers for dopaminergic neurotransmission in the(More)
Using two cohort studies (Health in men—HIM and positive health—PH) and repeated large cross-sectional surveys (Gay Community Periodic Survey—GCPS) of gay men in Sydney, Australia, we examined the association between viral load and unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) between HIV sero-discordant regular partners. Between 2001 and 2007, we conducted 243(More)
BACKGROUND Drug use has been associated with risk behaviour among gay men. We examined the use of drugs and sexual risk behaviour among homosexually-active men who engaged in group sex in Australia. METHODS We used an anonymous, self-complete survey about participants' most recent occasion of group sex with other men and in-depth interviews with a small(More)
Quantitative receptor autoradiography and in situ hybridization were used to investigate the expression of dopamine D3 receptors in sections of human brain containing limbic (nucleus accumbens) and striatal (caudate nucleus, putamen) regions. High levels of dopamine D3 receptor mRNA and specific [3H](+/-)7-hydroxy-N,N-di-N-propyl-2-aminotetralin(More)
Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to examine the expression of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor mRNA in post-mortem brain tissue obtained from normal subjects and patients dying with Parkinson’s disease. CB1 receptor mRNA was detected in striatal (nucleus accumbens, caudate nucleus and putamen) and extrastriatal (globus pallidus,(More)
Many Australian gay men do not get tested for HIV at the recommended frequency. Barriers to HIV testing may be reduced by the availability of home HIV self-testing (HHST). An online cross-sectional questionnaire was conducted with 2,306 Australian gay men during 2009. Multivariate logistic regression identified factors associated with being likely to(More)
The effect of acute and chronic administration of dopamine receptor antagonists on the expression of mRNA encoding the cellular immediate-early gene c-fos was investigated in rat brain by in situ hybridization using 35S-labelled oligonucleotide probes. The selective dopamine D3 receptor antagonist GR103691 had no effect on the level of c-fos mRNA after(More)
Since the introduction of dopamine replacement therapy using L-3,4-dihydroxyphenyalanine (L-DOPA) to treat Parkinson's disease and the recognition of the problems associated with L-DOPA use, numerous studies have investigated dopamine receptor regulation and function in Parkinson's disease. These studies have provided insight into the pathological process(More)