Michael J Humphries

Learn More
Protein kinase C delta (PKC delta) mediates apoptosis downstream of many apoptotic stimuli. Because of its ubiquitous expression, tight regulation of the proapoptotic function of PKC delta is critical for cell survival. Full-length PKC delta is found in all cells, whereas the catalytic fragment of PKC delta, generated by caspase cleavage, is only present in(More)
We report here that the novel protein kinase C isoform, PKCdelta, is required at or prior to the level of the mitochondria for apoptosis induced by a diverse group of cell toxins. We have used adenoviral expression of a kinase-dead (KD) mutant of PKCdelta to explore the requirement for PKCdelta in the mitochondrial-dependent apoptotic pathway. Expression of(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) delta is an essential regulator of mitochondrial dependent apoptosis in epithelial cells. We have used the PKCdelta(-/-) mouse to ask if loss of PKCdelta protects salivary glands against gamma-irradiation-induced apoptosis in vivo and to explore the mechanism underlying protection from apoptosis. We show that gamma-irradiation in vivo(More)
PKCdelta is essential for apoptosis, but regulation of the proapoptotic function of this ubiquitous kinase is not well understood. Nuclear translocation of PKCdelta is necessary and sufficient to induce apoptosis and is mediated via a C-terminal bipartite nuclear localization sequence. However, PKCdelta is found predominantly in the cytoplasm of(More)
Integrins are transmembrane adhesion proteins that convey critical topobiological information and exert crucial signalling functions. In skin and hair follicle biology, beta1 integrins and their ligands are of particular interest. It is not yet known whether beta1 integrins play any role in the regulation of human hair growth and the expression pattern of(More)
The ability of cancer cells to migrate is strongly correlated with malignant progression and metastasis. Survival signals that suppress apoptosis have also been linked to increased cell motility. We previously reported that suppression of protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta) provided survival signals in a rat fibroblast model system. These studies have been(More)
Chk1 is a serine/threonine kinase that plays several important roles in the cellular response to genotoxic stress. Since many current standard-of-care therapies for human cancer directly damage DNA or inhibit DNA synthesis, there is interest in using small molecule inhibitors of Chk1 to potentiate their clinical activity. Additionally, Chk1 is known to be(More)
PKCδ translocates into the nucleus in response to apoptotic agents and functions as a potent cell death signal. Cytoplasmic retention of PKCδ and its transport into the nucleus are essential for cell homeostasis, but how these processes are regulated is poorly understood. We show that PKCδ resides in the cytoplasm in a conformation that precludes binding of(More)
Integrins are a family of cell surface glycoproteins that mediate numerous cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions and are involved in biological processes such as tissue morphogenesis, leukocyte recirculation and migration, wound healing, blood clotting and immune response. Aberrant cell adhesion has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several diseases,(More)
The beta1-integrin cytoplasmic domain consists of a membrane proximal subdomain common to the four known isoforms ("common" region) and a distal subdomain specific for each isoform ("variable" region). To investigate in detail the role of these subdomains in integrin-dependent cellular functions, we used beta1A and beta1B isoforms as well as four mutants(More)
  • 1