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BACKGROUND Systemic thrombolysis for acute pulmonary embolism (PE) carries up to a 20% risk of major bleeding, including a 2% to 5% risk of hemorrhagic stroke. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of catheter-directed therapy (CDT) as an alternative treatment of acute PE. METHODS One hundred one consecutive patients receiving CDT for acute PE were(More)
BACKGROUND In women at increased risk for breast and ovarian cancer, the identification of a mutation in breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) and BRCA2 has important implications for screening and prevention counseling. Uncertainty regarding the role of BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing in high-risk women from diverse ancestral backgrounds exists because of variability in(More)
The introduction of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) represented a major advance in transplant medicine, although optimal use may be limited by gastrointestinal (GI) side-effects. An enteric-coated formulation of mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS; myfortic) has been developed with the aim of improving the upper GI tolerability of mycophenolic acid. Therapeutic(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine whether generation of negative intrathoracic pressure during apnea would cause more pronounced and sustained reductions in cardiac output in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) than in healthy subjects. DESIGN Physiologic intervention study. SETTING Cardiorespiratory physiology laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Nine(More)
Risk assessment coupled with genetic counseling and testing for the cancer predisposition genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) has become an integral element of comprehensive patient evaluation and cancer risk management in the United States for individuals meeting high-risk criteria for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC). For mutation carriers, several(More)
BACKGROUND anemia is the most frequent presenting feature of celiac disease in adults using endomysial antibody (EmA) screening. Endomysial antibody screening of anemia may allow detection of celiac disease at an earlier stage of investigation and after a shorter duration of symptoms. The characteristics of celiac patients identified by screening require(More)
PURPOSE Multiplex genetic testing, including both moderate- and high-penetrance genes for cancer susceptibility, is associated with greater uncertainty than traditional testing, presenting challenges to informed consent and genetic counseling. We sought to develop a new model for informed consent and genetic counseling for four ongoing studies. METHODS(More)
The value of the FIC index as a predictor of synergy has been investigated using the antibacterial agents alafosfalin and cephalexin combined together with themselves in fully blind experiments. Under the conditions used, even weak interaction (FIC index 0.5-0.99) proved to be statistically highly significant. The use of such fully controlled blind studies(More)
Normal female rats were mated to control males or males which were subjected to unilateral testicular heating (43 degrees C for 30 min), irradiation (500 R), efferent duct ligation, arterial ligation or castration; in all males, the contralateral ductus deferens was ligated. All treatments caused reduced fertility and eventually infertility, as judged by(More)