Michael J. Greenall

Learn More
Angiogenesis is a key process in tumor growth and metastasis and is a major independent prognostic factor in breast cancer. A range of cytokines stimulate the tumor neovasculature, and tumor-associated macrophages have been shown recently to produce several important angiogenic factors. We have quantified macrophage infiltration using Chalkley count(More)
Animal models suggest a role for new vessel formation (angiogenesis) in tumours with metastatic potential, and there is some evidence that this is true for human tumours. What is needed is a sensitive and specific label for endothelial cells, and one candidate would be a monoclonal antibody to platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM). We have(More)
Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth and metastases. Studies in breast carcinomas suggest that microvessel quantitation as a measure of angiogenesis might be one of the most powerful prognostic tools available. Node negative breast cancer is a particular group for which better prognostic markers would be helpful. We therefore measured microvessel(More)
YKL-40 is a growth factor for connective tissue cells and stimulates migration of endothelial cells. YKL-40 is secreted by cancer cells, and elevated serum YKL-40 in patients with metastatic breast cancer and colorectal cancer is associated with a poorer prognosis as compared to patients with normal serum YKL-40. In the present study we evaluated the(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and estrogen receptor (ER) were assayed by ligand binding in tumors from 370 patients with primary breast carcinoma with a median follow up of 18 months. Forty seven percent (175/370) and 57% (210/370) of tumors had >20 fmol/mg and >10 fmol/mg of EGFR and ER respectively. There was a highly significant inverse(More)
Langer's arch is identified in up to 7% of axillary explorations; in a three-month period we identified three individuals among forty-six patients undergoing axillary surgery with this abnormality. Langer's arch is a muscular-tendinous structure that usually extends from latissimus dorsi to pectoralis major muscle. The purpose of this article is to describe(More)
Amphiregulin is a recently described member of the epidermal growth factor family. Primary breast cancers were assessed for expression of amphiregulin by immunochemistry (111 cases), Northern, and/or dot blots (68 cases). Epidermal growth factor and estrogen receptors were measured in all cases. p53 and erbB-2 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry(More)
An analysis of the reports on 16 patients who developed cardiac tamponade, complicating the use of central venous catheters, showed that 14 died. The two survivors were treated by removal of the catheter and needle aspiration of the pericardial fluid. Some patients complained of warning symptoms such as nausea, pain, and dyspnoea, and the combination of(More)
Five hundred and seventy-nine patients undergoing major laparotomy were randomly allocated to have midline or transverse incisions. Transverse incisions took longer to make and caused more bleeding but (in the absence of wound sepsis) no transverse wound burst and there were only 2 incisional hernias. In the midline group, without wound sepsis, there were 2(More)
Epidermoid cancer of the anal margin should be distinguished from that in the canal because of its different clinical and pathologic characteristics, the suitability of local excision for its treatment, and its better overall prognosis. In addition, margin cancer rarely metastasises to visceral sites. Forty-eight patients with epidermoid cancer of the anal(More)