Michael J. Gormally

Learn More
Sciomyzid flies, which have potential as bio-indicators, were sampled by sweep-net surveys at a turlough in the west of Ireland. Turloughs are ephemeral wetlands (unique to Ireland), which flood from groundwater in winter and empty in the summer, during that time, they are frequently grazed. The weekly survey consisted of ten linear sweeps (5 m × 1 m) in(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE House dust mites produce allergens which can cause or aggravate diseases such as asthma, eczema and rhinitis. The objectives of this study are to quantify typical house dust mite and Der p 1 allergen levels in child car seats, and to determine external variables that may influence mite populations in cars. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
The ability of neonate larvae of the aquatic sciomyzids, Sepedon spinipes spinipes (Scopoli) and Dictya montana Steyskal (Diptera), to follow snail mucus trails was assessed using filter paper Y-mazes. On finding a mucus trail, larval behaviour of both species switched from unstimulated to stimulated searching behaviour, the latter being characterised by an(More)
The effect of temperature on predation by Ilione albiseta (Diptera: Sciomyzidae) on Lymnaea peregra was investigated at 14°, 17°, 20°, 23° and 26°C. The mean dry weight of snail tissue (Lymnaea peregra) attacked and consumed per day by first and second instar I. albiseta larvae was highest at 20°C while for third instar and total larval duration period it(More)
Turloughs are groundwater dependent grazed wetlands of conservation importance that occur in limestone depressions in the karst landscape, mostly in the west of Ireland. Data on Carabidae, hydrological regime, soils and management (using grazing exclosures) were collected to assess the effects of both hydrological regime and grazing management on ground(More)
Sixty percent of the land surface of the Republic of Ireland is farmland of which up to 12 % is estimated to sustain high species richness. Given that this farmland is predominantly pasture-based, the ecological status of semi-natural grasslands is particularly important for biodiversity. Recent studies indicate that those grasslands with high nature value(More)
The Family Sciomyzidae (Diptera) is one of the best studied groups of malacophagous insects containing some of the most important enemies of slugs. Larvae of the fly Tetanocera elata are known obligate feeders on slugs both as parasitoids and predators. We tested whether predatory larvae of T. elata can feed on the protected slug species Geomalacus(More)
Turloughs are karst wetlands unique to Ireland. We sought to elucidate mollusc community composition across a broad range of turloughs and to establish the major factors determining spatial distribution and community composition to better inform management decisions. Quantitative pond-net surveys for molluscs were conducted onCarex nigra dominated(More)
Proposed strategies to protect biodiversity within agricultural systems are often based on botanical criteria with plant species richness generally considered the prime indicator of conservation potential. While wet grasslands dominated by rushes (Juncus spp.) are commonly considered to be of lesser ecological value than those which are more botanically(More)
The River Shannon, Ireland, among the last unregulated rivers in western Europe, has extensive floodplains and supports rare and endangered species and habitats, of ecological and cultural importance. Unregulated floodplains result in community composition responding directly to natural fluctuations in water level. This study assesses how hydrological(More)