Michael J. Gaffey

Learn More
On 25 October 2000, the Near Earth Asteroid Rendevous (NEAR)-Shoemaker spacecraft executed a low-altitude flyover of asteroid 433 Eros, making it possible to image the surface at a resolution of about 1 meter per pixel. The images reveal an evolved surface distinguished by an abundance of ejecta blocks, a dearth of small craters, and smooth material(More)
Absorption features having depths up to 5% are identified in high-quality, high-resolution reflectance spectra of 16 dark asteroids in the main belt and in the Cybele and Hilda groups. Analogs among the CM2 carbonaceous chondrite meteorites exist for some of these asteroids, suggesting that these absorptions are due to iron oxides in phyllosilicates formed(More)
Multispectral images (0.44 to 0.98 μm) of asteroid (4) Vesta obtained by the Dawn Framing Cameras reveal global color variations that uncover and help understand the north-south hemispherical dichotomy. The signature of deep lithologies excavated during the formation of the Rheasilvia basin on the south pole has been preserved on the surface. Color(More)
Spectra of near-Earth asteroids were compared to spectra of selected asteroids, planets, and satellites to determine possible source regions. The diversity of reflectance spectra of the near-Earth asteroids implies different mineralogical compositions and hence more than one source region. The presence of near-Earth asteroid spectral signatures similar to(More)
From February 13 to May 13, 2000, the Near Infrared Spectrometer (NIS) instrument on the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) mission obtained more than 200,000 spatially-resolved 800 to 2500 nm reflectance spectra of the S-type asteroid 433 Eros. An important subset of the spectra were obtained during a unique opportunity on February 13 and 14, when the(More)
The surface of the asteroid Vesta has prominent near-infrared absorption bands characteristic of a range of pyroxenes, confirming a direct link to the basaltic howardite-eucrite-diogenite class of meteorites. Processes active in the space environment produce 'space weathering' products that substantially weaken or mask such diagnostic absorption on airless(More)
Introduction: We improve and extend the effective spectroscopic dataset for Eros acquired by the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) Shoemaker spacecraft to better understand the properties and geologic processes of the asteroid. We improve the Near Infrared Spectrometer (NIS) calibration by remediation of internally scattered light and extend its(More)
The NEAR-Shoemaker spacecraft was designed to provide a comprehensive characterization of the S-type asteroid 433 Eros (refs 1,2,3), an irregularly shaped body with approximate dimensions of 34 x 13 x 13 km. Following the completion of its year-long investigation, the mission was terminated with a controlled descent to its surface, in order to provide(More)
ß Antattic meteorite ALHA81005 is a regolith breccia apparently sent to earth by an impact event in the lunar highlands. Laboratory studies of this sample provide information that is used to understand the source region on the moon using remote sensing data. The meteorites' low Thorium content is inconsistent with Thorium values measured for the central(More)