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BACKGROUND There is considerable variability in rates of hospitalization of patients with community-acquired pneumonia, in part because of physicians' uncertainty in assessing the severity of illness at presentation. METHODS From our analysis of data on 14,199 adult inpatients with community-acquired pneumonia, we derived a prediction rule that stratifies(More)
OBJECTIVE To systematically review the medical literature on the prognosis and outcomes of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). DATA SOURCES A MEDLINE literature search of English-language articles involving human subjects and manual reviews of article bibliographies were used to identify studies of prognosis in CAP. STUDY SELECTION Review(More)
CONTEXT Although certain media exposures have been linked to the presence of psychiatric conditions, few studies have investigated the association between media exposure and depression. OBJECTIVE To assess the longitudinal association between media exposure in adolescence and depression in young adulthood in a nationally representative sample. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Most studies of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) have focused on patients undergoing angiographic procedures. The incidence and outcomes of CIAKI in patients undergoing nonemergent, contrast-enhanced computed tomography in the inpatient and outpatient setting were assessed. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, &(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop a smoking media literacy (SML) scale by using empiric survey data from a large sample of high school students and to assess reliability and criterion validity of the scale. DESIGN On the basis of an established theoretical framework, 120 potential items were generated, and items were eliminated or altered on the basis of input from(More)
BACKGROUND Influenza vaccination rates among adults, especially in minority populations, remain below national goals of 90%. This study investigated in diverse settings, facilitators of and barriers to patient influenza vaccination from the physician's perspective. METHODS Two-stage, stratified, random-cluster sampling was employed to select 71 clinicians(More)
RATIONALE An objective and simple prognostic model for patients with pulmonary embolism could be helpful in guiding initial intensity of treatment. OBJECTIVES To develop a clinical prediction rule that accurately classifies patients with pulmonary embolism into categories of increasing risk of mortality and other adverse medical outcomes. METHODS We(More)