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Oncogenic osteomalacia (OO) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome of osteomalacia due to phosphate wasting. The phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor (mixed connective tissue variant) (PMTMCT) is an extremely rare, distinctive tumor that is frequently associated with OO. Despite its association with OO, many PMTMCTs go unrecognized because they are erroneously(More)
Oncogenic hypophosphatemic osteomalacia (OHO) is characterized by a renal phosphate leak, hypophosphatemia, low-serum calcitriol (1,25-vitamin-D3), and abnormalities in skeletal mineralization. Resection of OHO tumors results in remission of the symptoms, and there is evidence that a circulating phosphaturic factor plays a role in the bone disease. This(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D is crucial for maintenance of musculoskeletal health, and might also have a role in extraskeletal tissues. Determinants of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations include sun exposure and diet, but high heritability suggests that genetic factors could also play a part. We aimed to identify common genetic variants affecting(More)
Normal serum phosphate (Pi) concentrations are relatively tightly controlled by endocrine mediators of Pi balance. Recent data involving several disorders of Pi homeostasis have shed new light on the regulation of serum Pi balance. It has been hypothesized that circulating phosphaturic factors, or phosphatonins, exist that, when present at high serum(More)
The utility of vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) by DXA to detect prevalent vertebral fracture in a multicenter setting was investigated by comparison to conventional radiography. While limited by lower image quality, overall performance of VFA was good but had a tendency to miss mild prevalent fractures. In osteoporosis clinical trials standardized spine(More)
A major determinant of the risk for osteoporosis is peak bone mineral density (BMD), which is largely determined by genetic factors. We recently reported linkage of peak BMD in a large sample of healthy sister pairs to chromosome 11q12-13. To identify additional loci underlying normal variations in peak BMD, we conducted an autosomal genome screen in 429(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) cause autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets. Clinical and laboratory findings in this disorder are similar to those in oncogenic osteomalacia, in which tumors abundantly express FGF-23 messenger RNA, and to those in X-linked hypophosphatemia, which is caused by inactivating mutations in a(More)
BACKGROUND Alpha-Klotho (alphaKl) regulates mineral metabolism such as calcium ion (Ca(2+)) and inorganic phosphate (Pi) in circulation. Defects in mice result in clinical features resembling disorders found in human aging. Although the importance of transmembrane-type alphaKl has been demonstrated, less is known regarding the physiological importance of(More)
UNLABELLED Femoral neck area expands and BMD decreases in premenopausal women. We used longitudinal DXA measurements on 388 premenopausal white sisters to show significant heritability of the rates of change in femoral neck area, BMC, and BMD. INTRODUCTION Bone mass and structure are highly heritable. However, genetic effects on age-related changes in(More)
Familial tumoral calcinosis is characterized by ectopic calcifications and hyperphosphatemia due to inactivating mutations in FGF23 or UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 3 (GALNT3). Herein we report a homozygous missense mutation (H193R) in the KLOTHO (KL) gene of a 13-year-old girl who presented with severe(More)