Michael J. Duggan

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We measured the temporal evolution of the T2 and diffusion tensor imaging parameters after transient and permanent cerebral middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) in macaques, and compared it to standard histological analysis at the study end point. METHODS Stroke was created in adult male macaques by occluding a middle cerebral(More)
We developed a complex combat-relevant model of abdominal and extremity trauma, hemorrhagic shock, hypothermia, and acidosis. We then simulated injury, preoperative, and operative phases. We hypothesized that this model is reproducible and useful for randomized multicenter preclinical trials. Yorkshire swine were anesthetized, intubated, and instrumented.(More)
BACKGROUND We have demonstrated previously that valproic acid (VPA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, can improve survival in lethal models of hemorrhagic shock. This study investigated whether VPA treatment would improve survival in a clinically relevant large animal model of poly-trauma/hemorrhagic shock, and whether the protective effects are executed(More)
Animal models of transfusion are employed in many research areas yet little is known about the storage-related changes occurring in the blood used in these studies. This study assessed storage-related changes in red blood cell (RBC) biochemistry, function and membrane deformability in rat and human packed RBCs when stored in CPDA-1 at 4 degrees C over a(More)
BACKGROUND An intravascular stroke model designed for magnetic resonance imaging was developed in Macaca fascicularis (M. fascicularis) to characterize serial stroke lesion evolution. This model produces a range of stroke lesion sizes which closely mimics human stroke evolution. This paper describes the care of animals undergoing this stroke procedure, the(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously demonstrated that valproic acid (VPA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor, and spray-dried plasma (SDP) improve early survival after lethal hemorrhage and polytrauma, but their effect on long-term survival and organ function remains untested. METHODS Yorkshire swine (n=27; 6-8/group) underwent a protocol simulating different(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid induction of profound hypothermia for emergency preservation and resuscitation can improve survival from uncontrolled lethal hemorrhage in large animal models. We have previously demonstrated that profound hypothermia (10 degrees C) must be induced rapidly (2 degrees C/min) and reversed gradually (0.5 degrees C/min) for best results.(More)
BACKGROUND Trauma-induced coagulopathy is associated with an extremely high mortality. We have recently shown that survival can be improved by correction of coagulopathy through early, aggressive infusion of Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP). However, FFP is a perishable product, and its use is impractical in challenging environments such as a battlefield.(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral metabolic derangement and excitotoxicity play critical roles in the evolution of traumatic brain injury (TBI). We have shown previously that treatment with large doses of valproic acid (VPA) decreases the size of brain lesion. The goal of this experiment was to determine whether this effect was owing to metabolic modulation. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhage within an intact abdominal cavity remains a leading cause of preventable death on the battlefield. Despite this need, there is no existing closed-cavity animal model to assess new hemostatic agents for the preoperative control of intra-abdominal hemorrhage. METHODS We developed a novel, lethal liver injury model in non-coagulopathic(More)