Michael J. Donovan

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ACE2, the first known human homologue of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), was identified from 5' sequencing of a human heart failure ventricle cDNA library. ACE2 has an apparent signal peptide, a single metalloprotease active site, and a transmembrane domain. The metalloprotease catalytic domains of ACE2 and ACE are 42% identical, and comparison of the(More)
A mutation was targeted to the murine alpha3 integrin gene. Homozygous mutant mice survived to birth, but died during the neonatal period. The mutation caused abnormal kidney and lung development. Mutant kidneys displayed decreased branching of the medullary collecting ducts, although the number of nephrons was not altered. Proximal tubules exhibited two(More)
Metastasis is the major cause of cancer morbidity, but strategies for direct interference with invasion processes are lacking. Dedifferentiated, late-stage tumor cells secrete multiple factors that represent attractive targets for therapeutic intervention. Here we show that metastatic potential of oncogenic mammary epithelial cells requires an autocrine(More)
Brain derived neurotrophic factor, BDNF, is a neurotrophin best characterized for its survival and differentiative effects on neurons expressing the trk B receptor tyrosine kinase. Although many of these neurons are lost in the BDNF(-)(/)(- )mouse, the early postnatal lethality of these animals suggests a wider function for this growth factor. Here, we(More)
Using a panel of cDNA microarrays comprising 47 650 transcript elements, we have carried out a dual-channel analysis of gene expression in 39 resected primary human non-small cell lung tumours versus normal lung tissue. Whilst approximately 11 000 elements were scored as differentially expressed at least twofold in at least one sample, 96 transcripts were(More)
Smad proteins are intracellular mediators of signalling initiated by Tgf-betasuperfamily ligands (Tgf-betas, activins and bone morphogenetic proteins (Bmps)). Smads 1, 2, 3, 5 and 8 are activated upon phosphorylation by specific type I receptors, and associate with the common partner Smad4 to trigger transcriptional responses. The inhibitory Smads (6 and 7)(More)
The neurotrophins, a family of related polypeptide growth factors including nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin (NT)-3 and NT-4/5 promote the survival and differentiation of distinctive sets of embryonic neurons. Here we define a new functional role for neurotrophins, as autocrine or local paracrine mediators(More)
Recently, a series of shared molecular pathways have emerged that have in common a significant role in the pathogenesis and progression of both atherosclerosis and cancer. Oxidative stress and the cellular damage that results from it have been implicated in a wide variety of disease processes including atherogenesis and neoplasia. Toxic metabolites produced(More)
Using the Illumina 450K array and a stringent statistical analysis with age and gender correction, we report genome-wide differences in DNA methylation between pathology-free regions derived from human multiple sclerosis-affected and control brains. Differences were subtle, but widespread and reproducible in an independent validation cohort. The(More)
Dendritic cells are potent immune-activating cells, which traditionally are thought of as presenters of protein antigen to lymphocytes to initiate an immune response. Recently, another mechanism of immune surveillance, the detection of lipid antigens, has been found to be mediated by the nonpolymorphic family of CD1 molecules. There are two different CD1(More)