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Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to evaluate within-subject variability in global mean cortical thickness over test-retest intervals of minutes-weeks in five healthy adults. Within-subject measures of global mean thickness were consistent over these intervals. Test-retest assessments of absolute thickness differences and percent thickness(More)
The brains of 21 rhesus monkeys inoculated with SIVMAC251 were examined after intervals ranging from 3 to 27 months and compared with five uninoculated controls. Eighteen animals became infected and individually exhibited several distinct patterns of disease. Nine (50%) had largely intramural leptomeningeal venous infiltrates (LMVI) without multinucleate(More)
This study compares delta (< 4 Hz), theta (4-8 Hz), alpha (8-12 Hz) and beta (12-20 Hz) band EEG signals during wakefulness, rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep, and stage 1 and stage 2 non-REM sleep recorded from both surface and depth electrodes in patients with drug-resistant partial seizures. Computer analysis utilizing Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT) was(More)
Advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques provide the means of studying both the structural and the functional properties of various brain regions, allowing us to address the relationship between the structural changes in human brain regions and the activity of these regions. However, analytical approaches combining functional (fMRI) and(More)
Human precentral and postcentral cortical areas interact to generate sensorimotor functions. Recent imaging work suggests that pre- and postcentral cortical thicknesses of an individual vary over time-scales of years and decades due to aging, disease, and other factors. In contrast, there is little understanding of how thicknesses of these areas vary in an(More)
Tuberculosis is a global health problem. The Mycobacterium bovis Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG) vaccine has variable efficacy (0-80%) so there is a drive to develop novel vaccines. The cytokine, interferon gamma (IFNγ), is an essential component of the protective response to M. tuberculosis (M. tb) infection and is also produced in response to BCG(More)
A temporal study of gene expression in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) from a Mycobacterium tuberculosis primary, pulmonary challenge model Macaca fascicularis has been conducted. PBL samples were taken prior to challenge and at one, two, four and six weeks post-challenge and labelled, purified RNAs hybridised to Operon Human Genome AROS V4.0 slides.(More)
Limb amputation and related changes in body feelings are associated with cortical functional reorganization that is reflected by increased interhemispheric asymmetry of body maps in the postcentral somatosensory cortex (PCS). As a pilot test to determine if limb amputation affects interhemispheric symmetry in PCS structure, we used MRI and computational(More)
The text in Fig 1 highlighting rows of expression data by week is incorrectly reversed. The authors have provided a corrected version here. access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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