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Existing methods for the production of lymphocytes from the small intestine have proved unsatisfactory when applied to the mouse. We report here a new method for the production of highly pure suspensions of lymphoid cells from the epithelial layer and lamina propria of mouse small intestine. The production and purification methods are described in detail.(More)
We investigated the influence of two structurally unrelated inhibitors of matrix-degrading metalloproteinases, Ro 31-4724 and Ro 31-7467, on the primary proliferation of smooth-muscle cells from rabbit aortic explants. Both agents inhibited proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner, but did not affect cell viability. Smooth-muscle cells grown out(More)
We have examined the development of specific cytotoxic T-cell activity in the lungs and the epithelium and lamina propria of the small intestine following tumour cell inoculation by subcutaneous or intraperitoneal routes. After an intraperitoneal injection of tumour cells, large amounts of cytotoxic activity are detectable in the lungs and lamina propria.(More)
Control rats and rats treated with subcutaneous trypan blue were injected intravenously with denatured albumin-I(125). Lysosome-rich fractions of their livers, when incubated at 22 degrees C in osmotically protected medium (pH 7.4), retained their capacit to digest albumin-I(125). The rate of digestion was lower in suspensions pre-pared from rats treated(More)
1. A fraction enriched in lysosomes was prepared by centrifugation from the livers of rats that had been injected 0.5h before death with (125)I-labelled albumin. When suspended in sucrose-protected buffer, pH7.4, and incubated at 22 degrees C for 2h, the particles progressively released iodotyrosine into the medium. Albumin digestion did not occur if the(More)
Lymphocytes separated from the epithelial layer of mouse small intestine, IEL, were tested for their NK cytotoxicity against Yac-1 targets. There was little NK activity in a 4 hour assay, but high activity in an 18 hour assay, and the NK activity of IEL did not parallel that in the spleen in any of the mouse strains tested. Furthermore, IEL exerted a(More)
Basement membrane-degrading metalloproteinases (gelatinases) appear necessary for vascular smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation in culture and for intimal migration of cells after balloon injury to the rat carotid artery. We investigated in the present study the secretion of gelatinases from pig carotid artery tissue after balloon injury. Segments(More)
We review the importance of extracellular matrix remodelling to the processes of vascular smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation that contribute to morphogenesis of the atherosclerotic plaque. In particular, the role of the matrix degrading metalloproteinase (MMP) family is discussed. This family of neutral, ZN(2+)-requiring enzymes are capable, in(More)
MPO (myeloperoxidase) catalyses the oxidation of chloride, bromide and thiocyanate by hydrogen peroxide to HOCl (hypochlorous acid), HOBr (hypobromous acid) and HOSCN (hypothiocyanous acid) respectively. Specificity constants indicate that SCN- is a major substrate for MPO. HOSCN is also a major oxidant generated by other peroxidases including salivary,(More)
Elevated MPO (myeloperoxidase) levels are associated with multiple human inflammatory pathologies. MPO catalyses the oxidation of Cl-, Br- and SCN- by H2O2 to generate the powerful oxidants hypochlorous acid (HOCl), hypobromous acid (HOBr) and hypothiocyanous acid (HOSCN) respectively. These species are antibacterial agents, but misplaced or excessive(More)