Michael J. Davies

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We review the importance of extracellular matrix remodelling to the processes of vascular smooth muscle cell migration and proliferation that contribute to morphogenesis of the atherosclerotic plaque. In particular, the role of the matrix degrading metalloproteinase (MMP) family is discussed. This family of neutral, ZN(2+)-requiring enzymes are capable, in(More)
Existing methods for the production of lymphocytes from the small intestine have proved unsatisfactory when applied to the mouse. We report here a new method for the production of highly pure suspensions of lymphoid cells from the epithelial layer and lamina propria of mouse small intestine. The production and purification methods are described in detail.(More)
Elevated MPO (myeloperoxidase) levels are associated with multiple human inflammatory pathologies. MPO catalyses the oxidation of Cl-, Br- and SCN- by H2O2 to generate the powerful oxidants hypochlorous acid (HOCl), hypobromous acid (HOBr) and hypothiocyanous acid (HOSCN) respectively. These species are antibacterial agents, but misplaced or excessive(More)
We investigated the influence of two structurally unrelated inhibitors of matrix-degrading metalloproteinases, Ro 31-4724 and Ro 31-7467, on the primary proliferation of smooth-muscle cells from rabbit aortic explants. Both agents inhibited proliferation in a concentration-dependent manner, but did not affect cell viability. Smooth-muscle cells grown out(More)
Proteins are major targets for radicals and two-electron oxidants in biological systems due to their abundance and high rate constants for reaction. With highly reactive radicals damage occurs at multiple side-chain and backbone sites. Less reactive species show greater selectivity with regard to the residues targeted and their spatial location.(More)
Plasma membrane was prepared from human placental tissue by two standard methods. The preparations, termed PVM and PPM, examined by electron microscopy and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, were characterized with respect to their binding properties for insulin, transferrin, alpha 2-macroglobulin and the immunoglobulins, IgM and IgG1. By means of sucrose(More)
We have examined the development of specific cytotoxic T-cell activity in the lungs and the epithelium and lamina propria of the small intestine following tumour cell inoculation by subcutaneous or intraperitoneal routes. After an intraperitoneal injection of tumour cells, large amounts of cytotoxic activity are detectable in the lungs and lamina propria.(More)
1. A fraction enriched in lysosomes was prepared by centrifugation from the livers of rats that had been injected 0.5h before death with (125)I-labelled albumin. When suspended in sucrose-protected buffer, pH7.4, and incubated at 22 degrees C for 2h, the particles progressively released iodotyrosine into the medium. Albumin digestion did not occur if the(More)