Michael J. Daniels

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The Arabidopsis genes EDS1 and NDR1 were shown previously by mutational analysis to encode essential components of race-specific disease resistance. Here, we examined the relative requirements for EDS1 and NDR1 by a broad spectrum of Resistance (R) genes present in three Arabidopsis accessions (Columbia, Landsberg-erecta, and Wassilewskija). We show that(More)
The synthesis of extracellular enzymes and extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) in Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) is regulated by a cluster of genes called rpf (for regulation of pathogenicity factors). Two of the genes, rpfF and rpfB, have previously been implicated in the synthesis of a diffusible regulatory molecule, DSF. Here, we describe a(More)
Mutations in the seven clustered rpf genes cause downregulated synthesis of extracellular enzymes and reduced virulence of Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris (Xcc). The phenotype of mutants in one of the genes, rpfF, can be restored by a diffusible extracellular factor (DSF) produced by all Xcc strains tested, apart from rpfF and rpfB mutants. DSF(More)
A major class of plant disease resistance (R) genes encodes leucine-rich-repeat proteins that possess a nucleotide binding site and amino-terminal similarity to the cytoplasmic domains of the Drosophila Toll and human IL-1 receptors. In Arabidopsis thaliana, EDS1 is indispensable for the function of these R genes. The EDS1 gene was cloned by targeted(More)
The interaction between Arabidopsis and the biotrophic oomycete Peronospora parasitica (downy mildew) provides an attractive model pathosystem to identify molecular components of the host that are required for genotype-specific recognition of the parasite. These components are the so-called RPP genes (for resistance to P. parasitica). Mutational analysis of(More)
Plant disease resistance genes operate at the earliest steps of pathogen perception. The Arabidopsis RPP5 gene specifying resistance to the downy mildew pathogen Peronospora parasitica was positionally cloned. It encodes a protein that possesses a putative nucleotide binding site and leucine-rich repeats, and its product exhibits striking structural(More)
In Arabidopsis ecotype Landsberg erecta (Ler), RPP5 confers resistance to the pathogen Peronospora parasitica. RPP5 is part of a clustered multigene family encoding nucleotide binding-leucine-rich repeat (LRR) proteins. We compared 95 kb of DNA sequence carrying the Ler RPP5 haplotype with the corresponding 90 kb of Arabidopsis ecotype Columbia (Col-0).(More)
Plant resistance (R) genes have evolved specific recognition capabilities in defense against pathogens. The evolution of R gene function and maintenance of R gene diversity within a plant species are therefore of great interest. In the Arabidopsis accession Wassilewskija, the RPP1 region on chromosome 3 contains four genetically linked recognition(More)
A genomic library was prepared in Escherichia coli from DNA of wild-type Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (aetiological agent of crucifer black rot), partially digested with endonuclease EcoRI, using the mobilisable broad host range cosmid vector pLAFR1. Recombinant plasmids contained inserts ranging in size from 19.1 to 32.3 kb (mean 26.6). Certain of(More)
The cosmid clone. pIJ3020 containing DNA from the plant pathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris has previously been shown to complement a non-pathogenic mutant defective in synthesis of extracellular enzymes. The DNA cloned in pIJ3020 was analysed by mutagenesis with Tn5 and Tn5lac and by nucleotide sequencing. The results indicate(More)