Michael J. Collins

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Further development of the objective version of the Howland and Howland [(1976) Science, 193, 580-582; (1977) Journal of the Optical Society of America, 67, 1508-1518] aberroscope technique for measuring ocular aberrations is described. Compensation for refractive corrections and calibration is discussed. The technique was used to investigate the effect of(More)
The monochromatic aberrations present in the eyes of a group of 21 young myopic subjects and 16 young emmetropic subjects were measured along the visual axis at three levels of accommodation. The aberrations were measured using a modified aberroscope technique which makes use of a retinal camera to photograph the shadow image of the aberroscope grid on the(More)
Zernike polynomials are often used as an expansion of corneal height data and for analysis of optical wavefronts. Accurate modeling of corneal surfaces with Zernike polynomials involves selecting the order of the polynomial expansion based on the measured data. We have compared the efficacy of various classical model order selection techniques that can be(More)
Accommodation stimulus-response function (ASRF) and its relationship to retinal image quality were investigated using a modified wavefront sensor. Ten subjects were presented with six vergence stimuli between 0.17 D and 5 D. For each vergence distance, ocular wavefronts and subjective visual acuity were measured. Wavefronts were analysed for a fixed 3-mm(More)
PURPOSE We examined choroidal thickness (ChT) and its spatial distribution across the posterior pole in pediatric subjects with normal ocular health and minimal refractive error. METHODS ChT was assessed using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) in 194 children aged 4 to 12 years, with spherical equivalent refractive errors between +1.25(More)
Astigmatism is a refractive condition encountered commonly in clinical practice. This review presents an overview of research that has been carried out examining various aspects of this refractive error. We examine the components of astigmatism and the research into the prevalence and natural course of astigmatic refractive errors throughout life. The(More)
It is known that the depth of focus (DOF) of the human eye can be affected by the higher order aberrations. We estimated the optimal combinations of primary and secondary Zernike spherical aberration to expand the DOF and evaluated their efficiency in real eyes using an adaptive optics system. The ratio between increased DOF and loss of visual acuity was(More)
The relationship between variations in steady-state accommodation (microfluctuations) and rhythmic cycles in cardiopulmonary system was investigated. As previously reported, vascular pulse frequency was consistently correlated with the high frequency component of steady-state accommodation microfluctuations. In a new finding, respiration rate and an(More)
In this study we evaluated the accuracy and precision of three placido-disk videokeratoscopes (the Keratron, Medmont and TMS) and one videokeratoscope that uses the raster-stereogrammetry technique (PAR-CTS) in elevation topography with six test surfaces. The test surfaces were a sphere, an asphere, a multicurve, and three bicurve surfaces. Each instrument(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the pattern of diurnal variations in axial length (AL), choroidal thickness, intraocular pressure (IOP), and ocular biometrics over 2 consecutive days. METHODS Measurements of ocular biometrics and IOP were collected for 30 young adult subjects (15 myopes, 15 emmetropes) at 10 different times over 2 consecutive days. Five sets of(More)