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BACKGROUND A combination of horse anti-thymocyte globulin and cyclosporine produces responses in 60-70% of patients with severe aplastic anemia. We performed a phase II study of rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin and cyclosporine as first-line therapy for severe aplastic anemia. DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty patients with severe aplastic anemia treated with(More)
Chronic lymphoproliferative disorders of natural killer cells (CLPD-NKs) and T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemias (T-LGLs) are clonal lymphoproliferations arising from either natural killer cells or cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). We have investigated for distribution and functional significance of mutations in 50 CLPD-NKs and 120 T-LGL patients by(More)
Large granular lymphocytic (LGL) leukemia is characterized by clonal expansion of cytotoxic T cells or natural killer cells. Recently, somatic mutations in the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) gene were discovered in 28% to 40% of LGL leukemia patients. By exome and transcriptome sequencing of 2 STAT3 mutation-negative LGL leukemia(More)
Mutations of spliceosome components are common in myeloid neoplasms. One of the affected genes, PRPF8, encodes the most evolutionarily conserved spliceosomal protein. We identified either recurrent somatic PRPF8 mutations or hemizygous deletions in 15/447 and 24/450 cases, respectively. Fifty percent of PRPF8 mutant and del(17p) cases were found in AML and(More)
T-cell large granular lymphocyte leukemia (T-LGLL) is characterized by chronic lymphoproliferation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and is associated with lineage-restricted cytopenias. Introduction of T-cell receptor (TCR) variable β-chain (Vβ) monoclonal antibodies has facilitated identification and enumeration of clonal CTLs by flow cytometry. A highly(More)
Large granular lymphocyte leukemia (LGL) is often associated with immune cytopenias and can cooccur in the context of aplastic anemia (AA) and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We took advantage of the recent description of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) mutations in LGL clonal expansions to test, using sensitive methods, for the(More)
BACKGROUND Deletion of chromosome 5q (del(5q)) is the most common karyotypic abnormality in myeloid neoplasms. MATERIALS AND METHODS To define the pathogenic molecular features associated with del(5q), next-generation sequencing was applied to 133 patients with myeloid neoplasms (MDS; N = 69, MDS/MPN; N = 5, sAML; N = 29, pAML; N = 30) with del(5q) as a(More)
Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a hemolytic and pro-thrombotic disorder associated with the clonal expansion of hematopoietic stem cells harboring somatic mutations in the PIG-A gene. 1 Mutations in PIG-A result in a lack of surface expression of all glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins, including the complement inhibitors CD55(More)
BACKGROUND A deficiency of specific glycosylphosphatidyl inositol-anchored proteins in paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria may be responsible for most of the clinical features of this disease, but some functional consequences may be indirect. For example, the absence of certain glycosylphosphatidyl inositol-anchored proteins in paroxysmal nocturnal(More)
T-cell large granular lymphocytic (T-LGL) leukemia is a clonal disease characterized by the expansion of mature CD3+CD8+ cytotoxic T cells. It is often associated with autoimmune disorders and immune-mediated cytopenias. Our recent findings suggest that up to 40% of T-LGL patients harbor mutations in the STAT3 gene, whereas STAT5 mutations are present in 2%(More)