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BACKGROUND A combination of horse anti-thymocyte globulin and cyclosporine produces responses in 60-70% of patients with severe aplastic anemia. We performed a phase II study of rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin and cyclosporine as first-line therapy for severe aplastic anemia. DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty patients with severe aplastic anemia treated with(More)
BACKGROUND T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by the expansion of clonal CD3+CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and often associated with autoimmune disorders and immune-mediated cytopenias. METHODS We used next-generation exome sequencing to identify somatic mutations in CTLs from an index(More)
Large granular lymphocytic (LGL) leukemia is characterized by clonal expansion of cytotoxic T cells or natural killer cells. Recently, somatic mutations in the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) gene were discovered in 28% to 40% of LGL leukemia patients. By exome and transcriptome sequencing of 2 STAT3 mutation-negative LGL leukemia(More)
Chronic lymphoproliferative disorders of natural killer cells (CLPD-NKs) and T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemias (T-LGLs) are clonal lymphoproliferations arising from either natural killer cells or cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). We have investigated for distribution and functional significance of mutations in 50 CLPD-NKs and 120 T-LGL patients by(More)
Mutations of spliceosome components are common in myeloid neoplasms. One of the affected genes, PRPF8, encodes the most evolutionarily conserved spliceosomal protein. We identified either recurrent somatic PRPF8 mutations or hemizygous deletions in 15/447 and 24/450 cases, respectively. Fifty percent of PRPF8 mutant and del(17p) cases were found in AML and(More)
The pathogenesis of chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN) involves both immunologic (antigen-dependent) and nonimmunologic (antigen-independent) mechanisms. In order to provide further insight into the immunologic basis of this disease, a cross-sectional analysis of cellular and humoral immunity in human renal allograft recipients with or without(More)
Most cases of adult myeloid neoplasms are routinely assumed to be sporadic. Here, we describe an adult familial acute myeloid leukemia (AML) syndrome caused by germline mutations in the DEAD/H-box helicase gene DDX41. DDX41 was also found to be affected by somatic mutations in sporadic cases of myeloid neoplasms as well as in a biallelic fashion in 50% of(More)
Large granular lymphocyte leukemia (LGL) is often associated with immune cytopenias and can cooccur in the context of aplastic anemia (AA) and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We took advantage of the recent description of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) mutations in LGL clonal expansions to test, using sensitive methods, for the(More)
Pretransplantation panel reactive antibody (PRA) testing assesses posttransplantation risk for antibody-mediated graft injury. It was postulated analogously that screening for effector/memory alloreactive T cells by "panel of reactive T cells" (PRT) using IFN-gamma enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot assays would evaluate independently cellular alloimmunity in(More)