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PURPOSE To review the frequency and location of malignancies detected after prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy in women with BRCA mutations. METHODS Medical records and pathology findings were reviewed from BRCA-positive women undergoing prophylactic surgery for ovarian cancer risk reduction who underwent complete examination of the adnexa. Patients(More)
A proportion of adenocarcinomas in prophylactic adnexectomies (bilateral salpingo-oophorectomies [BSOs]) from women with BRCA mutations (BRCA positive) occur in the fallopian tube. We analyzed a consecutive series of BSOs from BRCA-positive women following an index case of fimbrial serous carcinoma. To determine if the fimbria is a preferred site of origin,(More)
Proposed origins of pelvic serous carcinoma include the ovary, fallopian tube, and peritoneum. Prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomies in BRCA+ women have recently identified the fimbria as a site of origin for early serous carcinoma (tubal intraepithelial carcinoma or TIC). We explored the relationship of TIC to pelvic serous carcinomas in consecutive cases(More)
BACKGROUND Early serous carcinomas predominate in the fimbria of women with BRCA mutations (BRCA+). An entity in non-neoplastic mucosa sharing several properties of early serous carcinomas--the "p53 signature"--has been described in the distal fallopian tube and proposed as a precursor to serous carcinomas. This study compared the prevalence of p53(More)
ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) has been a guiding principle for pediatric radiologists for decades. The Society for Pediatric Radiology (SPR) has long been a leader in promoting safety in radiology practice in children. However, the ALARA principle has taken on new meaning in the past several years as the number of CT scans in children has(More)
IMPORTANCE Advanced diagnostic imaging is commonly used in the evaluation of suspected appendicitis in children. Despite its inferior diagnostic performance, ultrasonography (US) is now preferred to computed tomography (CT) owing to concerns about ionizing radiation exposure. With changes in imaging modalities, the influence on outcomes should be assessed.(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to examine the use of WBC count and polymorphonuclear leukocyte differential (PMN%) for improving the predictive value of ultrasound (US) in children with suspected appendicitis. STUDY DESIGN We conducted a retrospective cohort study of children undergoing US for suspected appendicitis between January 1, 2010 and(More)
It is believed that beta-amyloid aggregation is an important event in the development of Alzheimer's disease. In the course of our studies to identify beta-amyloid aggregation inhibitors, a series of N-phenyl anthranilic acid analogs were synthesized and studied for beta-amyloid inhibition activity. The synthesis, structure-activity relationship, and in(More)
PURPOSE To develop diagnostic reference ranges (DRRs) and a method for an individual practice to calculate site-specific reference doses for computed tomographic (CT) scans of the abdomen or abdomen and pelvis in children on the basis of body width (BW). MATERIALS AND METHODS This HIPAA-compliant multicenter retrospective study was approved by(More)