Michael J. Brumlik

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Tumor-associated macrophages are a prominent component of ovarian cancer stroma and contribute to tumor progression. B7-H4 is a recently identified B7 family molecule. We show that primary ovarian tumor cells express intracellular B7-H4, whereas a fraction of tumor macrophages expresses surface B7-H4. B7-H4+ tumor macrophages, but not primary ovarian tumor(More)
The HER2-targeted therapy trastuzumab is widely used for the treatment of patients with metastatic breast tumors overexpressing HER2. However, an objective response is observed in only 12% to 24% of patients treated with trastuzumab as a single agent and initial responders regress in <6 months (1-3). The reason for the clinical failure of trastuzumab in(More)
Protozoan pathogens are a highly diverse group of unicellular organisms, several of which are significant human pathogens. One group of protozoan pathogens includes obligate intracellular parasites such as agents of malaria, leishmaniasis, babesiosis, and toxoplasmosis. The other group includes extracellular pathogens such as agents of giardiasis and(More)
The caliber and magnitude of T cell responses are regulated by costimulatory molecules following the engagement of TCRs and MHC molecules. B7-DC has the highest homology with B7-H1 in the B7 family, and both of them bind an immunoregulatory molecule, programmed death 1. Previous studies have demonstrated that B7-DC stimulates T cell proliferation and CTL(More)
  • Kei Tomihara, Miao Guo, +6 authors Tahiro Shin
  • 2010
Both innate and adaptive immune systems are considered important for cancer prevention, immunosurveillance, and control of cancer progression. It is known that, although both systems initially eliminate emerging tumor cells efficiently, tumors eventually escape immune attack by a variety of mechanisms, including differentiation and recruitment of(More)
Although cancer tends to affect the elderly, most preclinical studies are carried out in young subjects. In this study, we developed a melanoma-specific cancer immunotherapy that shows efficacy in aged but not young hosts by mitigating age-specific tumor-associated immune dysfunction. Both young and aged CD4(+)CD25(hi) regulatory T cells (Treg) exhibited(More)
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