Learn More
Aeromonas hydrophila secretes a lipolytic enzyme that has several properties in common with the mammalian enzyme lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase. We have recently shown that it is a member of a newly described group of proteins that contain five similar blocks of sequence arranged in the same order in their primary structures (C. Upton and J. T.(More)
The nucleotide sequence of a 2.0-kilobase-pair EcoRI restriction fragment upstream from the gene (rub, 162 base pairs) encoding rubredoxin from Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough indicates that it is part of a larger transcriptional unit, containing an additional 378-base-pair open reading frame which terminates 16 nucleotides from the translational start(More)
A lasB-lacZ translational fusion (pTS400) was used to examine expression of the elastase gene (lasB) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PAO1. Expression from the lasB-lacZ fusion was enhanced when PAO1(pTS400) was grown in a defined medium containing elevated levels of zinc (6.0 micrograms ml-1). Transcript accumulation studies on PAO1(pTS400) and PAO1 showed(More)
Although cancer tends to affect the elderly, most preclinical studies are carried out in young subjects. In this study, we developed a melanoma-specific cancer immunotherapy that shows efficacy in aged but not young hosts by mitigating age-specific tumor-associated immune dysfunction. Both young and aged CD4(+)CD25(hi) regulatory T cells (Treg) exhibited(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages are a prominent component of ovarian cancer stroma and contribute to tumor progression. B7-H4 is a recently identified B7 family molecule. We show that primary ovarian tumor cells express intracellular B7-H4, whereas a fraction of tumor macrophages expresses surface B7-H4. B7-H4+ tumor macrophages, but not primary ovarian tumor(More)
The HER2-targeted therapy trastuzumab is widely used for the treatment of patients with metastatic breast tumors overexpressing HER2. However, an objective response is observed in only 12% to 24% of patients treated with trastuzumab as a single agent and initial responders regress in <6 months (1-3). The reason for the clinical failure of trastuzumab in(More)
All eukaryotes express mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) that govern diverse cellular processes including proliferation, differentiation, and survival. Even though these proteins are highly conserved throughout nature, MAPKs from closely related species often possess distinct signature sequences, making them well suited as drug discovery targets.(More)
The genome of Bacillus anthracis is extremely monomorphic, and thus individual strains have often proven to be recalcitrant to differentiation at the molecular level. Long-range repetitive element polymorphism-PCR (LR REP-PCR) was used to differentiate various B. anthracis strains. A single PCR primer derived from a repetitive DNA element was able to(More)
Toxoplasma gondii is an Apicomplexan parasite causing significant morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised hosts. Mitogen activated protein kinases regulate diverse biologic processes including proliferation, differentiation, survival and stress responses. We searched a new T. gondii genomic database to identify a 1.6 kilobase pair (kbp) coding region(More)
Protozoan pathogens are a highly diverse group of unicellular organisms, several of which are significant human pathogens. One group of protozoan pathogens includes obligate intracellular parasites such as agents of malaria, leishmaniasis, babesiosis, and toxoplasmosis. The other group includes extracellular pathogens such as agents of giardiasis and(More)