Michael J. Brody

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Development of techniques for the continuous measurement of regional blood flow and vascular resistance in intact small animals has been impeded primarily by the bulkiness of flow probes. The availability of an ultrasonic pulsed Doppler flowmeter system enabled us to construct miniaturized probes using 1-mm-diameter piezoelectric crystals that emit a 20-mHz(More)
OBJECTIVE Responses to volatile chemicals are often subjective and variable, both over time and across individuals. Although variability can derive from differences in individual olfactory sensitivity, the response to a chemical stimulus is also influenced by the complex environment surrounding the exposure, which can include the perceiver's cognitive(More)
An acceptable method for measuring phasic coronary velocity and reactive hyperemia in humans has not been available. We have developed a doppler probe which can be coupled to surface coronary vessel* at the time of cardiac surgery with a small suction cup. Phasic coronary velocity can be measured with a signal to noise ratio that exceeds 20:1. Animal(More)
After chronic (2-6 wk) sinoaortic deafferentation (SAD), rats exhibit slight increases in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate and marked increases in arterial pressure lability. Neither antagonists of humoral vasoconstrictors angiotensin and vasopressin nor acute hypophysectomy altered MAP or lability after chronic SAD. Ganglionic blockade produced(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated a hypoalgesia in hypertensive subjects. This study reports and evaluates factors responsible for the expression of the hypoalgesic behavior demonstrated by genetically hypertensive rats of the Okamoto-Aoki strain (SHR) as compared to normotensive age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Analgesiometric assays were conducted by(More)
Sensitivity of olfaction (smell) and chemesthesis (irritation) was evaluated for 2-propanone (acetone) and 1-butanol in acetone-exposed workers (AEW; N = 32) during a workday and unexposed subjects (microES; N = 32). Irritation sensitivity was assessed using a method that relies on the ability of individuals to localize irritants on the body. When a(More)
Recent studies have identified a region in the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVMM) of rats that appears to be involved in cardiovascular function. Since these studies used either microinjection of lidocaine or electrical stimulation, the exact contribution of intrinsic neurons as opposed to fibers of passage could not be determined. The present study was(More)
Although evidence exists for exaggerated sympathetic nervous system activity in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), there are no studies in conscious animals that directly demonstrate that this increased activity is functionally involved in the elevated vascular resistance of these animals. In our present study, 8-week-old and 13-week-old SHR and Wistar(More)
Histamine caused a fall in blood pressure in anesthetized dogs and cats which was only partially attenuated by mepyramine (pyrilamine), a histamine type H1-receptor antagonist. Further treatment with burimide or metiamide, type H2-receptor antagonists, caused nearly complete attenuation of the response to histamine. Burimamide alone had no effect on(More)
To examine the role of vasopressin (VP) in DOCA-salt hypertension, arterial pressure and renal vascular reactivity were studied in control Long-Evans (LE) rats and in Brattleboro rats homozygous for diabetes insipidus (DI rats). Vascular reactivity to norepinephrine, VP and angiotensin II was assessed in isolated kidneys perfused at constant flow. LE rats(More)