Michael J Brennick

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The medial branch (Med) of the hypoglossal nerve innervates the tongue protrudor muscles, whereas the lateral branch (Lat) innervates tongue retractor muscles. Our previous finding that pharyngeal airflow increased during either selective Med stimulation or whole hypoglossal nerve (WHL) stimulation (coactivation of protrudor and retractor muscles) led us to(More)
Upper airway compliance indicates the potential of the airway to collapse and is relevant to the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea. We hypothesized that compliance would vary over the rostral-to-caudal extent of the pharyngeal airway. In a paralyzed isolated upper airway preparation in cats, we controlled static upper airway pressure during magnetic(More)
Fiberoptic imaging in an isolated, sealed upper airway was performed in 10 decerebrate cats to determine the effect of pharyngeal muscle activation on airway pressure-area relationships. Bilateral cuff electrodes stimulated the distal cut ends of the following nerves: medial and lateral hypoglossus, glossopharyngeus, and pharyngeal branch of vagus. At given(More)
To better understand pharyngeal airway mechanics as it relates to the pathogenesis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea, we have developed a novel application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with non-invasive tissue tagging to measure pharyngeal wall tissue motion during active dilatation of the airway. Eleven anaesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats were(More)
To examine the regional mechanical effects of selective genioglossus muscle activation on pharyngeal airway size and function, magnetic resonance images of the pharyngeal airway were obtained in five paralyzed, anesthetized cats over a range of positive and negative pressures in an isolated, sealed upper airway. When all results across pressure levels and(More)
UNLABELLED Obesity is an important risk factor for pharyngeal airway collapse in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). To examine the effect of obesity on pharyngeal airway size on inspiration and expiration, respiratory-gated MRI of the pharynx was compared in New Zealand obese (NZO) and New Zealand white (NZW) mice (weights: 50.4g vs. 34.7g, p<0.0001). RESULTS(More)
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