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Inositol trisphosphate is a second messenger that controls many cellular processes by generating internal calcium signals. It operates through receptors whose molecular and physiological properties closely resemble the calcium-mobilizing ryanodine receptors of muscle. This family of intracellular calcium channels displays the regenerative process of(More)
Ca2+ is a highly versatile intracellular signal that operates over a wide temporal range to regulate many different cellular processes. An extensive Ca2+-signalling toolkit is used to assemble signalling systems with very different spatial and temporal dynamics. Rapid highly localized Ca2+ spikes regulate fast responses, whereas slower responses are(More)
The universality of calcium as an intracellular messenger depends on its enormous versatility. Cells have a calcium signalling toolkit with many components that can be mixed and matched to create a wide range of spatial and temporal signals. This versatility is exploited to control processes as diverse as fertilization, proliferation, development, learning(More)
These subsurface cisternae have been clas-The Babraham Institute sified into different types depending on how closely they Babraham Laboratory of Molecular Signalling approach the plasma membrane (Takahashi and Wood, Cambridge CB2 4AT 1970). The type I come within 40–80 nm, whereas the United Kingdom type II and III come much closer (20 nm) and often follow(More)
1. The effect of Li+ on the agonist-dependent metabolism of [3H]inositol has been studied in rat brain, rat parotid and the insect salivary gland. 2. When brain or parotid slices were incubated in the presence of [3H]inositol, Li+ was found to amplify the ability of agonists such as carbachol, phenylephrine, histamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine and Substance P to(More)
There has recently been rapid progress in understanding receptors that generate intracellular signals from inositol lipids. One of these lipids, phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, is hydrolysed to diacylglycerol and inositol trisphosphate as part of a signal transduction mechanism for controlling a variety of cellular processes including secretion,(More)
Calcium is a ubiquitous second messenger used to regulate a wide range of cellular processes. This role in signalling has to be conducted against the rigid homeostatic mechanisms that ensure that the resting level of Ca2+ is kept low (i.e. between 20 and 100 nmol l-1) in order to avoid the cytotoxic effects of a prolonged elevation of [Ca2+]. Cells have(More)