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Mitochondria are complex organelles with a highly dynamic distribution and internal organization. Here, we demonstrate that mitofilin, a previously identified mitochondrial protein of unknown function, controls mitochondrial cristae morphology. Mitofilin is enriched in the narrow space between the inner boundary and the outer membranes, where it forms a(More)
Juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL), Batten disease, is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease associated with mutations in CLN3. CLN3 has no known homology to other proteins and a function has not yet been described. The predominant mutation in CLN3 is a 1.02 kb genomic deletion that accounts for nearly 85% of the disease alleles. In(More)
BACKGROUND Short-chain enoyl-CoA hydratase (SCEH, encoded by ECHS1) catalyzes hydration of 2-trans-enoyl-CoAs to 3(S)-hydroxy-acyl-CoAs. SCEH has a broad substrate specificity and is believed to play an important role in mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation and in the metabolism of branched-chain amino acids. Recently, the first patients with SCEH deficiency(More)
Fatty liver disease is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes, and hepatic lipid accumulation may contribute to insulin resistance. Histone deacetylase 3 (Hdac3) controls the circadian rhythm of hepatic lipogenesis. Here we show that, despite severe hepatosteatosis, mice with liver-specific depletion of Hdac3 have higher insulin sensitivity without any(More)
OBJECTIVES Hyperglycemia and elevated blood lipids are the presumed precipitating causes of β-cell damage in T2DM as the result of a process termed "glucolipotoxicity". Here, we tested whether glucolipotoxic pathophysiology is caused by defective bioenergetics using islets in culture. METHODS Insulin secretion, respiration, ATP generation, fatty acid (FA)(More)
Recent evidence has defined an important role for PPARalpha in the transcriptional control of cardiac energy metabolism. To investigate the role of PPARalpha in the genesis of the metabolic and functional derangements of diabetic cardiomyopathy, mice with cardiac-restricted overexpression of PPARalpha (MHC-PPAR) were produced and characterized. The(More)
Germline mutations in the tumour suppressor gene PTEN have been implicated in two hamartoma syndromes that exhibit some clinical overlap, Cowden syndrome (CS) and Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome (BRR). PTEN maps to 10q23 and encodes a dual specificity phosphatase, a substrate of which is phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate, a phospholipid in the(More)
The neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinoses (Batten disease) are a group of severe neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by visual loss, seizures and psychomotor degeneration, and pathologically by loss of neurons and lysosomal accumulation of autofluorescent storage material resembling ageing pigment. To date, eight genetic loci have been identified(More)
A female patient is described with combined deficiency of sulphite, zanthine and aldehyde oxidase. She presented at the age of four weeks with intractable seizures. Initially the diagnosis was suspected because of a very low serum urate level (23 mumol/1-1). This condition can be easily missed and it is proposed that measurement of serum urate be included(More)
Ipsilateral and contralateral acoustic reflexes were studied in neonates using 220 and 660 Hz probe tones and 500, 1000, 2000, and 4000 Hz activators. Activator sound pressure level was measured in all ears. Ipsilateral and contralateral reflexes were detected three times more frequently with a 660 Hz probe tone than with a 220 Hz probe tone. The maximum(More)