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Mitochondria are complex organelles with a highly dynamic distribution and internal organization. Here, we demonstrate that mitofilin, a previously identified mitochondrial protein of unknown function, controls mitochondrial cristae morphology. Mitofilin is enriched in the narrow space between the inner boundary and the outer membranes, where it forms a(More)
Probe tones from 220 Hz to 2 000 Hz were used to measure the static and dynamic acoustic impedance of 44 neonates. Acoustic reflex thresholds to broad band noise were obtained from every neonate tested when employing the higher frequency probe tones. The reflex threshold levels measured are similar to those of adults. The static impedance values are(More)
BACKGROUND There appears to be a rise in the rate of emergency peripartum hysterectomy (EPH) in the developed world. AIMS   To determine the incidence, indications, risk factors, complications and management of EPH in our tertiary level teaching hospital, the Royal Hospital for Women (RHW) in Sydney, over the last decade. METHODS A retrospective(More)
BACKGROUND Acute fatty liver of pregnancy and the HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver-enzyme levels, and a low platelet count) are serious hepatic disorders that may occur during pregnancy in women whose fetuses are later found to have a deficiency of long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A (CoA) dehydrogenase. This enzyme resides in the mitochondrial(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) transcription factors respond to multiple environmental stressors, including hypoxia and hypoglycemia. We report that mice lacking the HIF family member HIF-2alpha (encoded by Epas1) have a syndrome of multiple-organ pathology, biochemical abnormalities and altered gene expression patterns. Histological and ultrastructural(More)
The need to observe roots in their natural undisturbed state within soil, both spatially and temporally, is a challenge that continues to occupy researchers studying the rhizosphere. This paper reviews how over the last 30 years the application of X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) has demonstrated considerable promise for root visualisation studies. We(More)
Utilisation and subsequent metabolic fate (oxidation; tissue lipid deposition) of non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA), very-low-density lipoprotein-triacylglycerol (VLDL-TAG), and chylomicron-triacylglycerol (CM-TAG) alone or in combination by isolated working rat heart were examined. Cardiac mechanical function was maintained regardless of lipid substrate(More)
Juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL), Batten disease, is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease associated with mutations in CLN3. CLN3 has no known homology to other proteins and a function has not yet been described. The predominant mutation in CLN3 is a 1.02 kb genomic deletion that accounts for nearly 85% of the disease alleles. In(More)
The actin cytoskeleton is dynamically remodeled during Fcgamma receptor (FcgammaR)-mediated phagocytosis in a phosphatidylinositol (4,5)-bisphosphate (PIP(2))-dependent manner. We investigated the role of type I phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase (PIP5K) gamma and alpha isoforms, which synthesize PIP(2), during phagocytosis. PIP5K-gamma-/- bone(More)
UNLABELLED We measured N-acetylaspartate and its precursor/product N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG) in urine of patients with Canavan disease using capillary zone electrophoresis. Abnormal levels of NAAG were found in 32 of 43 patients examined. Elevated NAAG was also present in the CSF of one patient. Given that NAAG may interfere with N-methyl-D-aspartate(More)