Michael J Begley

Learn More
Myotubularin-related proteins are a large subfamily of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) that dephosphorylate D3-phosphorylated inositol lipids. Mutations in members of the myotubularin family cause the human neuromuscular disorders myotubular myopathy and type 4B Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome. The crystal structure of a representative member of this(More)
Akt, also known as protein kinase B, plays key roles in cell proliferation, survival and metabolism. Akt hyperactivation contributes to many pathophysiological conditions, including human cancers, and is closely associated with poor prognosis and chemo- or radiotherapeutic resistance. Phosphorylation of Akt at S473 (ref. 5) and T308 (ref. 6) activates Akt.(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure is a growing cause of morbidity and mortality. Cardiac phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling promotes cardiomyocyte survival and function, but it is paradoxically activated in heart failure, suggesting that chronic activation of this pathway may become maladaptive. Here, we investigated the downstream phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(More)
Mutations that truncate the C-terminal non-catalytic moiety of TTBK2 (tau tubulin kinase 2) cause the inherited, autosomal dominant, SCA11 (spinocerebellar ataxia type 11) movement disorder. In the present study we first assess the substrate specificity of TTBK2 and demonstrate that it has an unusual preference for a phosphotyrosine residue at the +2(More)
Myotubularins, a large family of catalytically active and inactive proteins, belong to a unique subgroup of protein tyrosine phosphatases that use inositol phospholipids, rather than phosphoproteins, as physiological substrates. Here, by integrating crystallographic and deuterium-exchange mass spectrometry studies of human myotubularin-related protein-2(More)
The human neuromuscular diseases X-linked myotubular myopathy and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4B are caused by mutations in myotubularin family proteins. The myotubularins are a unique subfamily of protein tyrosine phosphatases that utilize inositol phospholipids, rather than phosphoproteins, as substrates. Recent structural studies, including the(More)
In the absence of cyclic nucleotides, the cAMP-dependent protein kinase and cGMP-dependent protein kinases (cGKs) suppress phosphotransfer activity at the catalytic cleft by competitive inhibition of substrate binding with a pseudosubstrate sequence within the holoenzyme. The magnitude of inhibition can be diminished by autophosphorylation near this(More)
Akt/PKB represents a subfamily of three isoforms from the AGC serine/threonine kinase family. Amplification of Akt activity has been implicated in diseases that involve inappropriate cell survival, including a number of human malignancies. The structure of an inactive and unliganded Akt2 kinase domain reveals several features that distinguish it from other(More)
Effects on the extinction of GABAergic drug, chlordiazepoxide (CDP), and glutamatergic drug, d-cycloserine (DCS), in C57BL/6 mice were compared. Following a palatability test (Experiment 1), Experiments 2–6 involved food-reinforced lever press training followed by extinction sessions at 1- or 4-day intervals. The effects of drugs were examined. Experiment 7(More)